An antioxidant-rich diet has been proposed to prevent cancer. In a French population, a higher adherence to the Mediterranean pattern using a 9-unit dietary score that evaluates intakes of fruits, vegetables, legumes, cereal products, olive oil, fish, dairy products, meat products, and alcohol was associated with a lower risk of skin cancer in women, particularly melanoma and basal cell carcinomas. Further evidence regarding cancer prevention from the prospective Netherlands Cohort Study (NLCS), showed an overall risk reduction of colorectal cancer associated with higher adherence to a Mediterranean diet. However, this association was not further confirmed by cancer subsites (colon, proximal colon, distal colon, and rectum).
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adolescents aging Alzheimer disease basic research Bone health breast cancer cancer Cardiovascular cardiovascular disease children cognitive function COVID-19 cross-sectional study degenerative disease depression Diabetes dietary patterns elder extra virgin olive oil gut microbiome health promotion inflammation lifestyle liver disease mediterranean diet mental health metabolic syndrome mortality neurodegenerative disease nutrition Obesity observational study olive oil Other oxidative stress phenolic compound phenolic compounds physical activity PREDIMED prospective studies quality of life RCT Recipes review systematic review