Mediterranean and European populations are more likely to be less racially and ethnically heterogeneous, have lower rates of obesity and overweight, be more physically active, have larger social networks, and set a higher emphasis on sleep compared to other populations. Yet, research on adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern and chronic disease risk in U.S. populations is limited and remains important to assess whether potential benefits of a Mediterranean diet are translatable to other heterogeneous populations. In a middle-aged U.S. adults population, as part of the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study, a Mediterranean-style eating pattern, relatively high in healthy fats, such as olive oil, and plant-based foods, was associated with a lower risk of diabetes after a median follow-up of 22 years.
- A nationwide assessment of lifestyle medicine counseling: knowledge, attitudes, and confidence of Israeli senior family medicine residents.
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- Mediterranean diet and health: A systematic review of epidemiological studies and intervention trials.
- Higher Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Is Associated With Preserved White Matter Integrity and Altered Structural Connectivity.
- Mediterranean diet and risk of rheumatoid arthritis: findings from the French E3N-EPIC cohort study.
adolescents aging Alzheimer disease basic research Bone health breast cancer cancer Cardiovascular cardiovascular disease children cognitive function COVID-19 cross-sectional study degenerative disease depression Diabetes dietary patterns elder extra virgin olive oil gut microbiome health promotion inflammation lifestyle liver disease mediterranean diet mental health metabolic syndrome mortality neurodegenerative disease nutrition Obesity observational study olive oil Other oxidative stress phenolic compound phenolic compounds physical activity PREDIMED prospective studies quality of life RCT Recipes review systematic review