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Mediterranean diet

MIND Diet Adherence Might be Associated with a Reduced Odds of Multiple Sclerosis: Results from a Case-Control Study

Effectiveness of Workplace Mediterranean Diet Interventions on Cardiometabolic Risk Factors: A Systematic Review

The Rise and Fall of the Mediterranean Diet and Related Nutrients in Preventing Diabetes

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet among Children and Youth in the Mediterranean Region in Croatia: A Comparative Study

Adherence to a Mediterranean Diet Is Associated with Lower Depressive Symptoms among U.S. Adults

Combined Body Mass Index and Waist-to-Height Ratio and Its Association with Lifestyle and Health Factors among Spanish Children: The PASOS Study

Arab Women Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Insomnia

Mediterranean Diet and Fatigue among Community-Dwelling Postmenopausal Women

The Spanish gut microbiome reveals links between microorganisms and Mediterranean diet

A Qualitative Study of Clinician Barriers and Enablers to Implementing the Mediterranean Dietary Pattern with Kidney and Liver Transplant Recipients

Food Literacy Is Associated With Adherence to a Mediterranean-Style Diet in Kidney Transplant Recipients



Dietary patterns

Dietary patterns, caloric restrictions for management of cardiovascular disease and cancer; a brief review

Cognitive function

Association Between Adherence to the MIND Diet and Cognitive Performance is Affected by Income: The ELSA-Brasil Study

Diet quality

Urinary metabolic biomarkers of diet quality in European children are associated with metabolic health

Highly processed foods

Integrative development of a short screening questionnaire of highly processed food consumption (sQ-HPF)

Cancer

The Role of Diet in Prognosis among Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Dietary Patterns and Diet Interventions

Children

Nutritional Therapies and Their Influence on the Intestinal Microbiome in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Children's and Families' Determinants of Health-Related Behaviors in an Italian Primary School Sample: The "Seven Days for My Health" Project

Olive oil

Olive oil consumption is associated with lower frailty risk: a prospective cohort study of community-dwelling older adults

Diet

A comparative evaluation of dietary exposure to glyphosate resulting from recommended U.S. diets

Cardiovascular disease

Comparison of four healthy lifestyle scores for predicting cardiovascular events in a national cohort study

Metabolic syndrome

Pro-vegetarian food patterns and cardiometabolic risk in the PREDIMED-Plus study: a cross-sectional baseline analysis

Other news

Olive oil is the key to the Mediterranean diet

New Olive Oil Study Sparks Questions for Whole-Food, Plant-Based Eaters

Replacing full-fat dairy with olive oil may reduce your risk of disease and death, study finds



Summary:

The Mediterranean diet has long been recognized one of the healthiest dietary patterns to prevent cardiovascular diseases, cancer and age-related diseases such as neurodegeneration. Just recently an article on the reduction of total and all-cause mortality in association with olive oil consumption corroborated that many of the Mediterranean diet’s health benefits are actually conferred by olive oil (Marta Guasch-Ferré et al.). Step by step these findings also reach people outside the scientific-community, so the new evidence can translate in lifestyle changes among average citizens and promotes well-being in the whole society (Olive oil is the key to the Mediterranean diet).
A prospective cohort study could complement the picture of the numerous health benefits due to olive oil consumption by relating it to lower frailty risk, a typical syndrome among elderly with huge impairment of their quality of life. Frailty includes three or more of five clinical manifestations: weakness, slow walking speed, low physical activity, fatigue and unintentional weight loss. Over a mean follow-up of three and a half years, the odds ratio for frailty incidence dropped to 0.52 for medium and to 0.47 for the tertile with highest olive oil consumption respectively. Remarkably, associations did not sustain for common (refined) olive oil and therefore underline the importance of using virgin oil instead. In summary, this study demonstrates for the first time olive oil’s association with reduced frailty and therefore adds further evidence for the nutritional advice to prefer virgin olive oil over other fats. Its health benefits go far beyond singular clinical endpoints such as mortality, and therefore extend to quality of life related diseases.

In her editorial Maria Mirabelli shares the current recommendations for diabetes prevention through lifestyle interventions. Undoubtedly an effective prevention comprises several lifestyle aspects and therefore cannot be reduced to a single component. The author highlights that only through combination of nutrition and physical activity the whole synergistic potential can be used and only multifaceted interventions tackle the complex pathogenesis of diabetes. However, high adherence to the Mediterranean diet alone already proved its protective effect and its key component extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) plays a pivotal role. A beneficial high proportion of mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids as well as polyphenols are identified as key players which are involved in the networks of insulin receptor (INSR) signaling. While many potentially active compounds lack bioavailability Oleacein stands out as a good exception to this general observation due to its lipophilic character. It is capable of causing clinically relevant insulin-sensitizing actions. Due to its successful synthetic production it is now discussed as potential supplement to enrich commercial oils. In summary, the editorial highlights the necessity that the optimization of prevention is two-fold: On the one hand comprehensive and broad intervention is needed to counteract the numerous pathways leading to diabetes as a reductionist approach tends to ignore the complexity of disease development, on the other hand identifying key components can bring us close to an in-depth understanding of the underlying mechanisms allowing for optimization of prevention. By all means, EVOO showed great potential in prevention of numerous diseases including diabetes and therefore should be further studied.

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