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Mental health

Diet Composition and Objectively Assessed Sleep Quality: A Narrative Review.

Adherence to Mediterranean diet and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children: A case control study.

Metabolic Syndrome, Cognitive Impairment and the Role of Diet: A Narrative Review.

Adherence to a Mediterranean Diet Is Associated with Lower Depressive Symptoms among U.S. Adults.

Arab Women Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Insomnia.

The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on the Lifestyles and Levels of Anxiety and Depression of Patients with Schizophrenia: A Retrospective Observational Study.

Cancer

The Role of Diet in Prognosis among Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Dietary Patterns and Diet Interventions.

The Role of Diet, Alcohol, BMI, and Physical Activity in Cancer Mortality: Summary Findings of the EPIC Study.

Liver disease

Mediterranean Diet and Fatty Liver Risk in a Population of Overweight Older Italians: A Propensity Score-Matched Case-Cohort Study.

Healthy dietary patterns and metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease in less-developed ethnic minority regions: a large cross-sectional study.

Women’s health
Protective Effects and Benefits of Olive Oil and Its Extracts on Women's Health.

Mediterranean Diet and Fatigue among Community-Dwelling Postmenopausal Women.

Female dietary patterns and outcomes of in vitro fertilization (IVF): a systematic literature review.

Children and young people

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet among Children and Youth in the Mediterranean Region in Croatia: A Comparative Study.

Combined Body Mass Index and Waist-to-Height Ratio and Its Association with Lifestyle and Health Factors among Spanish Children: The PASOS Study.

Anthropometric Parameters and Mediterranean Diet Adherence in Preschool Children in Split-Dalmatia County, Croatia-Are They Related?

Eating behaviour, physical activity and lifestyle of Italian children during lockdown for COVID-19.

Nutritional status

Review of the Nutrition Situation in Jordan: Trends and Way Forward.

Associations between diet quality scores and central obesity among adults in Puerto Rico.

Cardiovascular disease

Olive Oil Consumption can Prevent Non-communicable Diseases and COVID-19: A Review.

The Association of Dietary Intake with Arterial Stiffness and Vascular Ageing in a Population with Intermediate Cardiovascular Risk-A MARK Study.

Diet Quality Assessment and the Relationship between Diet Quality and Cardiovascular Disease Risk.

Diabetes

The Rise and Fall of the Mediterranean Diet and Related Nutrients in Preventing Diabetes.

Association between daily number of eating occasions with fasting glucose and insulin sensitivity in adults from families at high risk for type 2 diabetes in Europe: the Feel4Diabetes Study.

Elderly

An oleuropein-based dietary supplement may improve joint functional capacity in older people with high knee joint pain: findings from a multicentre-RCT and post hoc analysis.

Dietary patterns and cognitive function in older New Zealand adults: the REACH study.

Associations between Taste Perception Profiles and Empirically Derived Dietary Patterns: An Exploratory Analysis among Older Adults with Metabolic Syndrome.

Urinary Sodium Excretion and Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Older Adults.

Psoriasis

Nutritional Therapy in Persons Suffering from Psoriasis.

Bone health

Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Dietary Supplementation to Prevent Bone Mineral Density Loss: A Food Pyramid.

Tendencies

Moving towards a Healthier Dietary Pattern Free of Ultra-Processed Foods.

Changing dietary patterns is necessary to improve the sustainability of Western diets from a One Health perspective.

Others

Olive byproducts and their bioactive compounds as a valuable source for food packaging applications.

Mediterranean Diet Social Network Impact along 11 Years in the Major US Media Outlets: Thematic and Quantitative Analysis Using Twitter.

Basic research

Effects of Repeated Heating on Fatty Acid Composition of Plant-Based Cooking Oils.

A Mixture of Pure, Isolated Polyphenols Worsens the Insulin Resistance and Induces Kidney and Liver Fibrosis Markers in Diet-Induced Obese Mice.

Other news

Spain, the world’s leading olive oil producer

Summary

“Cancer research” encompasses a large number of pathologies with a diversity of causes, mechanisms, prognoses... Therefore, it is a field in continuous expansion, however conclusive results are not as common as desired. In this week's summary we wanted to highlight several reviews that try to associate olive oil consumption with these pathologies.
One of them studied the evidence surrounding olive oil and its extracts and its effect on various health outcomes in women, including some forms of cancer (breast, ovarian or cervical cancers). This article concludes on the specific beneficial role of olive oil against these pathologies and describes in detail the biological mechanisms through which the different components of the oil (monounsaturated fatty acids and phenolic compounds) could act. The effect on breast cancer stands out, as a great number of studies reveal a beneficial role for prevention and against progression.
Also, a meta-analysis evaluated the progression in cancer survivors. This article concludes on the beneficial effect of "quality dietary patterns” on the survival of breast and colon cancer patients. Among the underlying mechanisms that stand out are benefits provided by the antioxidant capacity of diets, but also their hyper-insulinemic potential, metabolic or hormonal alterations, and their effects on inflammation and immune function. It is believed by the authors that the health benefits arise from the synergistic effect of the different components of these diets. Among the patterns analyzed is the Mediterranean diet, in which the consumption of olive oil stands out for its benefits on colon and prostate cancer.
The third meta-analysis we include collects the results of the EPIC cohort and evaluates other aspects beyond diet. It again highlights the beneficial role of the Mediterranean diet in cancer mortality. However, this time there are no specific results for olive oil as an isolated component. This effect is referred to in another review article (specifically for breast cancer), in which the anticancer properties of olive oil are described alongside with cardioprotective, anti-inflammatory activities and also in the context of the SARS-Cov-2 virus.
Almost all these articles agree that more studies specifically designed to study these aspects are needed. We must also conclude, in any case, that the beneficial effects of olive oil are subject to the adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern.

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