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Diet

Inflammatory potential of diet and bone mineral density in a senior Mediterranean population: a cross-sectional analysis of PREDIMED-Plus study

Impact of Bariatric Surgery on the Healthy Eating Index, Binge Eating Behavior and Food Craving in a Middle Eastern Population: A Lebanese Experience

Development of a nutrition management software based on selected Middle Eastern and Mediterranean dishes to support personalized diet and weight management

Covid 19

The Role of an Anti-Inflammatory Diet in Conjunction to COVID-19

Remotely Supervised Exercise during the COVID-19 Pandemic versus in-Person-Supervised Exercise in Achieving Long-Term Adherence to a Healthy Lifestyle

Cardiovascular disease

Change to a healthy diet in people over 70 years old: the PREDIMED experience

Mediterranean diet

Mediterranean diet and depression: a population-based cohort study

The rationale and design of a Mediterranean diet accompanied by time restricted feeding to optimise the management of type 2 diabetes: The MedDietFast randomised controlled trial

High Adherence to Mediterranean Diet Is Not Associated with an Improved Sodium and Potassium Intake

Risky Behaviours of Spanish University Students: Association with Mediterranean Diet, Sexual Attitude and Chronotype

Body Composition Assessment and Mediterranean Diet Adherence in U12 Spanish Male Professional Soccer Players: Cross-Sectional Study

Metabolically Healthy Obesity (MHO) vs. Metabolically Unhealthy Obesity (MUO) Phenotypes in PCOS: Association with Endocrine-Metabolic Profile, Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, and Body Composition

Is the Mediterranean Diet Pattern Associated with Weight Related Health Complications in Adults? A Cross-Sectional Study of Australian Health Survey

Dietary Patterns in Portuguese Children and Adolescent Population: The UPPER Project

The Role of Socioeconomic Status in Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Body Mass Index Change: A Follow-Up Study in the General Population of Southern Croatia

Mediterranean Diet, Psychological Adjustment and Health Perception in University Students: The Mediating Effect of Healthy and Unhealthy Food Groups

Associations between the Mediterranean Diet Pattern and Weight Status and Cognitive Development in Preschool Children

Effect of the Mediterranean diet on gingivitis. A randomized controlled trial

Mediterranean diet and adiposity in children and adolescents: A systematic review

A lifestyle intervention with an energy-restricted Mediterranean diet and physical activity enhances HDL function: a substudy of the PREDIMED-Plus randomized controlled trial

Mediterranean diet and cognitive function: From methodology to mechanisms of action

Metabolomics of the tryptophan-kynurenine degradation pathway and risk of atrial fibrillation and heart failure: potential modification effect of Mediterranean diet

Metabolic syndrome

Risk of Developing Metabolic Syndrome Is Affected by Length of Daily Siesta: Results from a Prospective Cohort Study

Diabetes

Association between Diet Quality Indices and Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study

Obesity

The Effectiveness of Extra Virgin Olive Oil and the Traditional Brazilian Diet in Reducing the Inflammatory Profile of Individuals with Severe Obesity: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Lifestyle Modification Program on a Metabolically Healthy Elderly Population with Overweight/Obesity, Young-Old vs. Old-Old. CONSEQUENCES of COVID-19 Lockdown in This Program

Breakfast Dietary Pattern Is Inversely Associated with Overweight/Obesity in European Adolescents: The HELENA Study

Adopting a Mediterranean-style eating pattern with low, but not moderate, unprocessed, lean red meat intake reduces fasting serum trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) in adults who are overweight or obese

Socioeconomic Determinants of Diet Quality on Overweight and Obesity in Adults Aged 40-59 Years in Inner Mongolia: A Cross-Sectional Study

Chronotype and cardio metabolic health in obesity: does nutrition matter?

Dietary pattern

An Ultra-Processed Food Dietary Pattern Is Associated with Lower Diet Quality in Portuguese Adults and the Elderly: The UPPER Project

Adherence to a Mediterranean-Style Dietary Pattern and Cancer Risk in a Prospective Cohort Study

Associations between dietary patterns and metabolic syndrome in older adults in New Zealand: the REACH study

Diet quality

Diet Quality and Risk of Parkinson's Disease: The Rotterdam Study

Olive oil

Polyphenols, the Healthy Brand of Olive Oil: Insights and Perspectives

Effect of pecan nuts and extra-virgin olive oil on glycemic profile and nontraditional anthropometric indexes in patients with coronary artery disease: a randomized clinical trial

Extra-virgin olive oil and the gut-brain axis: influence on gut microbiota, mucosal immunity, and cardiometabolic and cognitive health

Cognitive function

Effects of Nutrition on Cognitive Function in Adults with or without Cognitive Impairment: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Clinical Trials



Other news
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Summary:

Diet is recognized as a factor, which plays a pivotal role in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases related to ageing. In this week’s newsletter, two cross-sectional studies revealed that an unhealthy-inflammatory diet was associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome and lower bone mineral density in the older population. In this sense, the PREDIMED study provides first level evidence on how changing dietary habits, even in an older population with high cardiometabolic risk, can help achieve healthy ageing. Results showed that a nutritional intervention improved and maintained throughout a 3-year follow-up the adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), mainly for their benefits on cardiovascular risk factors. One of the key components of MedDiet is olive oil. In the framework of the PREDIMED trial, a nested case-control study suggested that the MedDiet supplemented with EVOO could modify the tryptophan–kynurenine pathway, which is related to a higher risk of heart failure. In a similar attempt, investigators showed that a traditional Brazilian diet supplemented with EVOO promotes a significant reduction of inflammatory markers in individuals who had severe obesity. Many scientific reports have indicated the potential benefits of the EVOO are attributed to the higher poly(phenol) content and monounsaturated fatty acid profile. One review highlights the positive effects of the EVOO on modifying the gut microbiota and the function of the mucosal immune system. However, it is relevant to note that variations in the bioavailability of OO poly(phenol) and differences in gut microbiota could influence the biological activities of these bioactive compounds.
A systematic review of RCT’s indicated that MedDiet could prevent or delay the effects of age-related cognitive decline. In the same line, researchers from the Rotterdam study found that the Mediterranean dietary pattern was associated with reduced risk of Parkinson disease (HR per SD 0.89; 95% CI: 0.74–1.07) during an average follow-up of 14.1 years. Additionally, in a large epidemiological data involving 49,261 women aged between 29-49 years old exhibited that moderate (HR: 0.90, 95% CI: 0.81-1.00) to higher (HR: 0.82, 95%CI: 0.71-0.94) adherence to the MedDiet was related to lower risk of de depression. In childhood and adolescence, early-life diet, promoting the adherence to MedDiet pattern, seemed to be beneficial for cognitive development in addition to ameliorating obesity. Recently, it has been suggested that most of the cardiovascular benefits of the Mediterranean diet could be translated into benefits for cognitive function based on reports such as these. This promising association has been finding greater support mainly due to novel mechanisms that link inflammation or cardiovascular markers, and psychiatric diseases such as depression or neurodegenerative diseases. Much research is needed for us to understand these biological links, however diet remains a key determinant for these: the top causes of burden of disease world-wide.

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