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Beneficial effects
Review: the role of diet in preventing rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases, with a focus on rheumatoid arthritis.

The role of selected bioactive compounds in the prevention of Alzheimer’s disease.

A high adherence to the Mediterranean Diet at the age of 4 is associated with a lower risk of developing overweight, obesity, and abdominal obesity at age 8.

Better MD adherence was associated with a lower bone risk fracture.

Short-term Mediterranean Diet adherence is effective in improving certain microvascular physiological properties and quality of life, but there is room for additional improvement, observed in long-term adherers.

Dietary patterns and cognition: food for thought or still more thought necessary?

Mechanisms of action

Adherence to the MedDiet, health benefits independent of age and metabolic profiles of the gut microbiome.

Maternal diet modulates maternal microbiota and shapes the neonatal first pass of microbiota at birth, with potential effects on infant development and health later in life.

Poor sleep quality was associated with lower basal fat oxidation, which is not mediated by adherence to the traditional Mediterranean Diet in sedentary adults.

Socio-demographic determinants

Among pregnant women, factors such as age, social class, education, and smoking were associated with adherence to the Mediterranean diet.

Other news

Consuming more olive oil associated with less heart disease in Americans – American Heart Association EPI | LIFESTYLE 2020 Scientific Sessions: Abstract P509.

The 2020 NYIOOC World Olive Oil Competition will reveal the year's best extra virgin olive oils on May 8.

Higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) has shown to be protective against obesity in adults, but the evidence remains inconclusive in children at early ages. New evidence from the INMA cohort study showed that high adherence to the MD at age 4 was associated with lower incidence of overweight, obesity, and abdominal obesity at the age of 8. If these results are confirmed by other studies, the MD may be recommended to reduce the incidence of obesity at early ages.

Adherence to the MD is also known to provide several other health-related benefits. However, the exact mechanisms of action are not yet fully understood. Among the proposed hypotheses, a presumed link between the MD and the gut microbiota was put forward some years ago. A commentary on two studies conducted on this topic outlines that it is not the amount of calories that matters, but rather the quality of the diet. Even among elder subjects, short-term adherence to the MD is associated with different metabolic effects and reduced disease risk factors. Nevertheless, although these studies observed changes in metabolomic biomarkers and microbiome diversity associated with adherence to the MD, understanding the precise mechanisms by which the MD can affect human health is still a challenge.
Interestingly, a new epidemiological study reported that maternal diet modulates maternal microbiota and shapes the neonatal first pass of microbiota at birth, affecting the initial community of microorganisms in the infant and health later in life. Children from maternal Cluster I (characterized by lower intakes of total dietary fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, and polyphenols, which are a key component in extra virgin olive oil) and born by C-section showed higher body mass index and weight for length z-scores at 18 months compared to those from vaginal births and infants from mothers in Cluster II (characterized by higher intakes of total dietary fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, and polyphenols).

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