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Balanitis xerotica obliterans: an update for clinicians.
Dietary support in insulin resistance: An overview of current scientific reports.
Effect Of An Extra-Virgin Olive Oil Intake On The Delay Of Cognitive Decline: Role Of Secoiridoid Oleuropein?

Basic research
Characterisation of peroxidation products arising from culinary oils exposed to continuous and discontinuous thermal degradation processes.
Extra virgin olive oil improves synaptic activity, short-term plasticity, memory, and neuropathology in a tauopathy model.
All trans-retinoic acid improves pancreatic cell proliferation on induced type-1 diabetic rats.
Concentrations of nine bisphenol analogues in food purchased from Catalonia (Spain): Comparison of canned and non-canned foodstuffs.
[Effect of intensive nutritional intervention in patients refractory to weight loss].
Insight into the molecular mechanism underlying the inhibition of α-synuclein aggregation by hydroxytyrosol.
The olive constituent oleuropein exerts nephritic protective effects on diabetic nephropathy in db/db mice.
Effect Of Diets With Different Lipid's Sources On Serum And Brain Fatty Acids Profile. Experimental Model.
Toxicity evaluation of olive oil mill wastewater and its polar fraction using multiple whole-organism bioassays.

Randomized controlled trial
The Brain Health Champion study: Health coaching changes behaviors in patients with cognitive impairment.
The Effect of Marine <i>n</i>-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids on Heart Rate Variability in Renal Transplant Recipients: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Intestinal sensing and handling of dietary lipids in gastric bypass-operated patients and matched controls.
Different metabolism of EPA, DPA and DHA in humans: A double-blind cross-over study.

Observational studies
Association Between Dietary Patterns and Kidney Function in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the German Chronic Kidney Disease Study.
Dietary patterns and cardiovascular disease in Greek adults: The Hellenic National Nutrition and Health Survey (HNNHS).
Adherence to Mediterranean Diet or Physical Activity After Bariatric Surgery and Its Effects on Weight Loss, Quality of Life, and Food Tolerance.
Poor Dietary Polyphenol Intake in Childhood Cancer Patients.
Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Its Association with Body Composition and Physical Fitness in Spanish University Students.
Evaluation of Physical Fitness, Body Composition, and Adherence to Mediterranean Diet in Adolescents from Estonia: The AdolesHealth Study.

Short report
Improving diet for psychiatric patients : High potential benefits and evidence for safety.

In this exploratory study, olive oil digestion-products are identified as secretion-enhancers of gut hormones that exhibit anorexigenic and insulinotropic properties. The study was carried out in patients with a previous Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), characterized by an increased gut hormone secretion, and matched unoperated controls in a crossover trial with isoosmolar lipid loads.
Gut hormone-release is generally stimulated by the presence of triacylglycerol (TAG) in the gut. Interestingly, this response is dependent of the type of TAG evoking the stimulus. Long-chain fatty acids (LCFA), more so than Medium Chain fatty acids (MCFA), have an important impact on hormone secretion. Olive oil is not only an important source of LCFA, but also monoacyglycerols (MAG) in the form of 2-oleoyl-glycerol (2-OG), both of which are known to increase secretion of cholecystokinin (CCK), glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) to different degrees.
The main purpose of this study among the given study population was to study the responses of gut hormone secretion elicited by the distal delivery of fatty acids. The researchers observed a myriad of effects on hormone secretion including L-cell secretion of GLP-1 and peptide YY (PYY); secretion of neurotensin, GIP and CCK mediated by the combination of LCFAs and 2-OG. The limitations of this study include the possibility that these effects may be due to the constant presence of bile in the intestine, since an altered bile absorption can also lead to the release of insulinotropic and anorexigenic hormones through different mechanisms. Furthermore, the use of matched controls could result in biased results and false interpretations. Despite these draw backs, the gut hormone effects caused by olive oil and new understandings of the physiology of patients with RYGB, could lead to innovations in weight-loss therapies and diabetes management.
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