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Association Between Mediterranean Diet and Functional Status in Older Adults: A Longitudinal Study Based on the Washington Heights-Inwood Columbia Aging Project.

A Mediterranean Lifestyle and Frailty Incidence in Older Adults: The Seniors-ENRICA-1 Cohort.

Greater intake of the MEDI diet is associated with better cognitive trajectory in older adults with type 2 diabetes.

Mental Health

Mediterranean Diet and White Matter Hyperintensity Change over Time in Cognitively Intact Adults.

Is there a place for dietetic interventions in adult ADHD?


The role of dietary factors in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease to hepatocellular carcinoma progression: A systematic review.

The Effects of a Mediterranean Diet Intervention on Cancer-Related Fatigue for Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

Adherence to 5 Diet Quality Indices and Pancreatic Cancer Risk in a Large US Prospective Cohort.

Type does matter. Use VIRGIN olive oil as your preferred fat to reduce your risk of breast cancer: case-control EpiGEICAM study.


In the last century, thanks to scientific advances, life expectancy has increased. However, chronic diseases such as diabetes, CVD and cancer have also increased their incidence in the population. This higher incidence of chronic diseases is largely due to poor lifestyle, especially dietary habits. The Mediterranean diet (MD) and olive oil are known for its beneficial health effects, notably anti-inflammatory, and as a strategy for primary and secondary prevention for these chronic diseases. As this review reflected, despite all the available evidence in support of the MD, its high palatability and good adherence, health practitioners are not routinely prescribing it due to multiple factors such as lack of training and resources as well as lack of evidence in non-Mediterranean populations. This review of the multiple benefits of MD highlighted the need to apply the evidence to clinical practice, a pending issue of vital importance for disease prevention and healthy aging. In the same line, a recent randomized clinical trial studied the anti-inflammatory effect of MD on intestinal permeability. People with chronic diseases, by several mechanisms, have a decreased intestinal barrier integrity, which leads to a sustained state of inflammation that potentiates and aggravates cardiometabolic diseases, diabetes or cancer. In this study, the intervention group adhered to the MD pattern in order to demonstrate the beneficial effect of dietary fiber on the gut barrier. After 3 months of intervention, an increased in short-chain amino acids, produced by bacterial metabolism of dietary fiber, and a decreased in biomarkers related to loss of intestinal permeability were observed. Thus, the article concluded that a MD intervention improved intestinal permeability and provided new solid evidence for the MD recommendation in chronic diseases.
Mediterranean diet, as we have already discussed, is associated with a lower cardiovascular risk. However, there are few studies which investigate the use of MD as a dietary pattern for secondary prevention of atrial fibrillation (AF). A case-control study conducted in a German cohort showed an inverse relationship between MD and AF. Patients with AF reported lower consumption of plant-based foods and lower adherence to the Mediterranean pattern. The article reflected the importance of future studies in this field, to ensure that AF guidelines include dietary recommendations for patients and for secondary disease prevention.

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