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Cardiovascular disease

Evaluating the effectiveness of a comprehensive patient education intervention in a hybrid model of cardiac rehabilitation: A pilot study.

Controversial Dietary Patterns: A High Yield Primer for Clinicians.

Mental health

The association between major dietary patterns and severe mental disorders symptoms among a large sample of adults living in central Iran: Baseline data of YaHS-TAMYZ cohort study.

Association Between Adherence to the MIND Diet and Cognitive Performance is Affected by Income: The ELSA-Brasil Study.

Role of plant-based diet in late-life cognitive decline: results from the Salus in Apulia Study.

Gut health

Mediterranean-like dietary pattern associations with gut microbiome composition and sub-clinical gastrointestinal inflammation.

Reproductive health

The Effect of Dietary Patterns on Clinical Pregnancy and Live Birth Outcomes in Men and Women Receiving Assisted Reproductive Technologies: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.


Impact of COVID-19 lockdown on health parameters and muscle strength of older women: A longitudinal study.

Olive oil

Particulate matters, aldehydes, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons produced from deep-frying emissions: comparisons of three cooking oils with distinct fatty acid profiles.

Extra Virgin Olive Oil Secoiridoids Modulate the Metabolic Activity of Dacarbazine Pre-Treated and Treatment-Naive Melanoma Cells.

Effects of Olive Oil on Striae Gravidarum in Primiparous Women: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Study.

PAHs, PCBs and OCPs in olive oil during the fruit ripening period of olive fruits.

Mediterranean diet

The Environmental Footprint Associated With the Mediterranean Diet, EAT-Lancet Diet, and the Sustainable Healthy Diet Index: A Population-Based Study.

Consumption of Ultra-Processed Foods Is Inversely Associated with Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet: Impact of Geographical Location of the Observations.

Other news

Mediterranean Diet Associated with Lifespan and Healthspan


Industrially processed foods are associated with lower diet quality due to their leading high content of calories, free sugars, saturated fat, salt, and low dietary fibers. The consumption of these foods leads to a worse cardiometabolic profile and an increase in the risk of cardiovascular diseases, depression and all-cause mortality, as suggested by a recent meta-analysis of our group. Some recent studies have suggested an association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and the consumption of ultra-processed foods, although the evidence remains limited.

In a cross-sectional study that included a total of 670 participants, the consumption of ultra-processed foods was evaluated through a food frequency questionnaire (NFFQ). The percentage of consumption of ultra-processed foods in the diet was approximately 16% (which corresponded to 299 g of ultra-processed foods per day). It was observed that participants with a greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet also consumed lower amounts of ultra-processed foods. Contrastingly, participants with lower adherence to this dietary pattern consumed diets comprising 22% of ultra-processed foods (especially cookies and prepackaged sweets, soft and energy drinks, sausages and other reconstituted meat products, and pre-packaged bread and bread alternatives).

Undoubtedly, ultra-processed foods are linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, however the performance of various dietary patterns in the reduction of cardiovascular disease risk is less known. Summarizing the evidence on distinct dietary patterns is therefore crucial to aid clinicians and patients at selecting healthful dietary practices. A recent review analyzed different dietary patterns and the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Comparing 5 distinct dietary patterns, the Mediterranean diet, which is rich in plant-based foods, characterized by a low to moderate consumption of meat, dairy products, eggs and wine, and favors olive oil as the main source of fat, has demonstrated to improve plasma lipids, blood pressure and in term prevent the incidence of cardiovascular disease. In support of these statements are the results from the PREDIMED trial as well as multiple prospective cohort studies that suggest that individuals who adhere to the Mediterranean diet have a longer lifespan. These were the results of a meta-analysis of prospective studies related to Mediterranean diet consumption in which participants with a history of cardiovascular disease were found to have a relative reduction of risk of 9% for cardiovascular disease mortality and 15% for all-cause mortality.

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