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Cardiovascular and metabolic disease

Macronutrient quality index and cardiovascular disease risk in the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) cohort.

Association between Stages of Hepatic Steatosis and Physical Activity Performance in Adults with Metabolic Syndrome: A Cross-Sectional Analysis in FLIPAN Study.

Does Mediterranean Adequacy Index Correlate with Cardiovascular Events in Patients with Advanced Chronic Kidney Disease? An Exploratory Study.

Positive Effects of Extra-Virgin Olive Oil Supplementation and DietBra on Inflammation and Glycemic Profiles in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes and Class II/III Obesity: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Isocaloric-restricted Mediterranean diet and Chinese diets high or low in plants in adults with prediabetes.

Frequency of family meals and food consumption in families at high risk of type 2 diabetes: the Feel4Diabetes-study.

Mediterranean dietary pattern and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.

Effects of common weight loss plans on diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular risk factors.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)

Effect of a Six-Month Lifestyle Intervention on the Physical Activity and Fitness Status of Adults with NAFLD and Metabolic Syndrome.

A Low Glycemic Index Mediterranean Diet Combined with Aerobic Physical Activity Rearranges the Gut Microbiota Signature in NAFLD Patients.


Dietary patterns and cognitive function in older New Zealand adults: the REACH study.


Adherence to the Mediterranean-style diet and high intake of total carotenoids reduces the odds of frailty over 11 years in older adults: Results from the Framingham Offspring Study

Women's health

Role of dietary patterns and acculturation in cancer risk and mortality among postmenopausal Hispanic women: results from the Women's Health Initiative (WHI).

Nutrition during pregnancy and lactation: New evidence for the vertical transmission of extra virgin olive oil phenolic compounds in rats.

Mediterranean Diet: What Are the Consequences for Menopause?

Other chronic diseases

Major dietary patterns in relation to chronic low back pain; a cross-sectional study from RaNCD cohort.

Mediterranean-Type Diets as a Protective Factor for Asthma and Atopy.

Mediterranean Style Dietary Pattern with High Intensity Interval Training in Men with Prostate Cancer Treated with Androgen Deprivation Therapy: A Pilot Randomised Control Trial.


Do Diet and Dietary Supplements Mitigate Clinical Outcomes in COVID-19?
Venous thromboembolism in COVID-19 patients and prediction model: a multicenter cohort study.

Basic research

Role of yeasts in the qualitative structuring of extra virgin olive oil.

Dietary patterns

Dietary Patterns vs. Dietary Recommendations.

Influence of diet on acute endocannabinoidome mediator levels post exercise in active women, a crossover randomized study.
"Planeterranean" Diet: extending worldwide the health benefits of Mediterranean Diet based on nutritional properties of locally available foods.

Alcohol, Drinking Pattern, and Chronic Disease.


On care infrastructures and health practices: How people in health promotion programmes try to change their everyday life.

Other news

The Vatican Wants to Know: What is the role of olive trees in supporting a healthy, sustainable, and just world?

High-Phenolic EVOO May Improve Prognosis of Some Leukemia Patients, Research Suggests

World Olive Oil Competition Releases Final Results

Nutri-Score Does Not Penalize Traditional Food Specialties, Survey Finds


Reducing the risk of major modifiable factors such as unhealthy diet, alcohol consumption, smoking, and physical inactivity represents one of the main strategies for the prevention of non-communicable diseases.

Regarding alcohol consumption, the latest recommendations seem controversial. A new review discusses the inconsistent guidance on alcohol consumption and its association with chronic disease, highlighting the need for an evidence-based consensus. On one hand, many nonrandomized studies support the hypothesis that moderate consumption has a beneficial cardiovascular effect or is associated with a lower risk of all-cause mortality particularly in subjects ≥50 years. On the other hand, alcohol is associated with an increased risk of cancer, neurological diseases, or injuries, among others. In this context, observational studies advocate moderate alcohol consumption following a MedDiet pattern (red wine with meals avoiding binge drinking) as the best option for current drinkers aged 50–70 years. However, agencies such as the IARC recommend abstention from alcohol regardless of the consumption pattern as it is a potent carcinogen. Thus, more randomized trials with larger sample size and hard clinical endpoints should be conducted to clarify the available evidence and provide clinicians with support for their clinical practice.

When it comes to healthy diets, appropriate distribution of macronutrients with respect to total energy intake (45–65%, 10–35%, and 20–35% for carbohydrates, proteins, and fats, respectively) has been generally associated with lower risk of chronic diseases and adequate micronutrient intake. However, as a newly published study from the SUN cohort suggests, macronutrient quality is likely to be even more important than macronutrient quantity. Investigators developed the Macronutrient Quality Index (MQI), a novel global index based on the best scientific evidence available that combines three equally weighted sub-indexes: the Carbohydrate Quality Index, the Fat Quality Index and the Healthy Plate Protein source Quality Index. As expected, participants with higher MQI scores had higher intakes of vegetables, fruits, legumes, whole grains, fish and seafood, white meats, skimmed dairy products, nuts, olive oil, polyunsaturated fatty acids and fiber. These food groups contain high nutritional density and contain bioactive compounds such as flavonoids, polyphenols, and oleocanthal that confer cardioprotective effects. Consistently, this study found a significant inverse relationship between the MQI and a lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Additionally, results showed that better MQI with greater adherence to MedDiet or a Provegetarian diet was also associated with a lower risk of CVD.

A new analysis from the Framingham Offspring Study also revealed the benefit of MedDiet in reducing frailty, particularly in adults <60 years>“Planeterranean” is the name that has been conceived for this new dietary model, which would be consistent with the Sustainable Development Goals set by United Nations in the Agenda 2030 and with the principles of circular economy.

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