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Dietary patterns and aging

Associations of Midlife Dietary Patterns with Incident Dementia and Brain Structure: Findings from the UK Biobank Study.

Association of the Mediterranean Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) Diet With the Risk of Dementia.

[Brain health services: individual dementia risk profiling at the Cologne Alzheimer Prevention Center].

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and risk of frailty and pre-frailty in elderly adults: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis with GRADE assessment.

Fertility

Endometrial whole metabolome profile at the receptive phase: influence of Mediterranean Diet and infertility.

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and the risk of unexpected poor response to ovarian stimulation in IVF cycles.

Cardiometabolic health

Blood pressure surge with alarm is reduced after exercise and diet intervention in firefighters.

Gut microbiome modulates the effects of a personalised postprandial-targeting (PPT) diet on cardiometabolic markers: a diet intervention in pre-diabetes.

Adherence to a priori dietary patterns in relation to obesity: results from two cycles of the Canadian National Nutrition Survey.

Urinary metabolomics of phenolic compounds reveals biomarkers of type-2 diabetes within the PREDIMED trial.


Diet and other diseases

A Healthy Diet is Associated with a Lower Risk of Hepatic Fibrosis.

Diet Quality and Risk of Older-onset Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis.

Miscellaneous

A classification and identification model of extra virgin olive oil adulterated with other edible oils based on pigment compositions and support vector machine.

Mediterranean diet and mitochondria: New findings.

Assessing the relationship between food insecurity and lifestyle behaviors among university students: a comparative study between Lebanon and Germany.




Summary

Olive oil, a key component of the Mediterranean diet, is praised for its richness in nutrients and polyphenols which are believed to be responsible for its many health benefits. In terms of product quality, extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) stands out for its particularly well documented health benefits and is considered more valuable than other types of oils. For this reason, EVOO can be a target for adulteration and fraud. With that in mind, a new study successfully detected impurities in EVOO using chromatographic fingerprint data of pigments combined with machine learning methodologies. The technique allowed to spot adulteration with other edible oils, such as rapeseed oil and coconut oil, making up for 1 % or more in EVOO. The study provides a powerful method which could be further developed to use in the quality control of EVOO. It would contribute to greater food security, ensure higher quality standards, and strengthen customers’ trust in food quality.
The PREDIMED trial is a large intervention study designed to assess the effect of a Mediterranean diet enriched with olive oil or nuts on the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. In another analysis of the PREDIMED trial, researchers identified urinary phenolic compounds associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes in participants at high CVD risk using a metabolomics approach. Phenolic compounds and their metabolites in urine proved to be predictive for diabetes risk. Among 41 phenolic compounds, dihydrocaffeic acid and genistein diglucuronide were strongly associated with reduced diabetes risk. The inverse association of dihydrocaffeic acid with plasma glucose bolsters the plausibility of an antidiabetogenic effect. The results highlight the importance of polyphenol-rich foods, such as fruits, vegetables, coffee and EVOO, as key components of a healthy diet.
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