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Cardiovascular disease

(Poly)phenol intake, plant-rich dietary patterns and cardiometabolic health: a cross-sectional study.

A Heart-Healthy Diet for Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: Where Are We Now?

Diabetes

A nutritional biomarker score of the Mediterranean diet and incident type 2 diabetes: Integrated analysis of data from the MedLey randomised controlled trial and the EPIC-InterAct case-cohort study.

Comprehensive Approach to Medical Nutrition Therapy in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: From Diet to Bioactive Compounds.


Neurodegerative diseases

MIND diet and cognitive function and its decline: A prospective study and meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.

Bioactive Compounds of the Mediterranean Diet as Nutritional Support to Fight Neurodegenerative Disease.

Other diseases and conditions

Dietary Patterns and Risk of Lung Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses of Observational Studies.

Mediterranean Diet Improves Plasma Biomarkers Related to Oxidative Stress and Inflammatory Process in Patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.

Weighted Gene Co-Expression Network Analysis Identifies a Functional Guild and Metabolite Cluster Mediating the Relationship between Mucosal Inflammation and Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Ulcerative Colitis.

Associations between adherence to MIND diet and general obesity and lipid profile: A cross-sectional study.

Dietary patterns

Sex-Specific Dietary Patterns and Social Behaviour in Low-Risk Individuals.

Popular Dietary Patterns: Alignment With American Heart Association 2021 Dietary Guidance: A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association.

PregnancyChildren and adolescents

Health-Related Quality of Life in Childhood and Adolescence: The Interrelation with Level of Adherence to Mediterranean Diet and Dietary Trajectories: Highlights from the DIATROFI Program (2021-2022).

Mediterranean diet-based interventions to improve anthropometric and obesity indicators in children and adolescents: a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Olive oil

Metabolomic-Based Studies of the Intake of Virgin Olive Oil: A Comprehensive Review.

Sustainability

Evaluation of adherence to the Mediterranean diet with sustainable nutrition knowledge and environmentally responsible food choices.

Other news

MIND and Mediterranean diets linked to fewer signs of Alzheimer’s brain pathology

New study reveals the best diets for a healthy heart

MEDICAL INSIGHTS: Olive oil is an ancient health food



Summary:

Neurodegenerative disorders are becoming more prevalent as society ages. Most neurodegenerative diseases, like Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease, are idiopathic conditions with uncertain pathogenesis. Nonetheless, evidence shows that the course of neurodegenerative diseases is significantly influenced by inflammation and oxidative stress.
The Mediterranean diet may have potential preventive and therapeutic benefits on the neurodegenerative process. This dietary pattern is characterized by the consumption of plant foods, grains, legumes, fish, a modest amount of red wine and the use of olive oil as its major source of fat. A recent review provides insights into the associations between the bioactive compounds present in the Mediterranean diet, neurodegenerative diseases, and markers and mechanisms of neurodegeneration. The Mediterranean diet may have a protective effect on the neurodegenerative process due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The paper suggests that the consumption of olive oil could be partly responsible for these effects. Extra virgin olive oil includes 36 phenolic compounds, including tyrosol, hydroxytyrosols, oleocanthal, and oleuropein, as well as carotenes. These phenolic chemicals penetrate the brain and exert neuroprotective effects via antioxidant, anti-apoptotic, and anti-inflammatory mechanisms. According to extensive research, hydroxytyrosol functions as a scavenger of reactive free radicals, resulting in neuroprotective effects on brain cells during oxidative stress.
In the same way, a recent article examined how the MIND diet (Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay) relates to cognitive function and its decline among 4066 middle-aged individuals. The MIND diet score was originally determined by including the dietary components of the Mediterranean diet and DASH diet (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) that have shown to have a positive impact on dementia and cognitive decline, with olive oil considered as the primary source of fat. The study concludes that participants with higher scores on the MIND diet scale had a significantly better global cognitive function, suggesting that greater adherence to the MIND diet is associated with better cognitive function and potentially slower cognitive decline at older ages.
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