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Diet Quality

Intakes of unprocessed and minimally processed and ultra-processed food are associated with diet-quality in female and male health professionals in the United States: a prospective analysis.

Development of a Diet Quality Score for Japanese and Comparison With Existing Diet Quality Scores Regarding Inadequacy of Nutrient Intake.



Mediterranean Diet

Effects of adherence to the Mediterranean diet on fatigue and activities of daily living in geriatric individuals with COPD.

Supplementation use and diet changes during COVID-19 pandemic according to anxiety level and Mediterranean diet adherence.

Genetic risk for Alzheimer's disease and adherence to the Mediterranean diet: results from the HELIAD study.

Sustained improvements in the cardiometabolic profile of patients with obstructive sleep apnea after a weight-loss Mediterranean diet/lifestyle intervention: 12-month follow-up (6 months post-intervention) of the "MIMOSA" randomized clinical trial.

Mediterranean diet in the management and prevention of obesity.

Association of Mediterranean diet adherence during pregnancy with maternal and neonatal lipid, glycemic and inflammatory markers: The GESTAFIT project.


Frailty

Long-Term Consumption of Nuts (Including Peanuts, Peanut Butter, Walnuts, and Other Nuts) in Relation to Risk of Frailty in Older Women: Evidence from a Cohort Study.

Dietary profiling of physical frailty in older age phenotypes using a machine learning approach: the Salus in Apulia Study.



Plant-based Diets

Should Men Eat More Plants? A Systematic Review of the Literature on the Effect of Plant-Forward Diets on Men's Health.




Diabetes and Prediabetes

Ethnic-specific associations between dietary consumption and gestational diabetes mellitus incidence: A meta-analysis.

Prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetes related to periodontitis and its risk factors in elderly individuals.

Associations of healthy dietary patterns with mortality among people with prediabetes.

Digital Health

The impact of dietary education and counselling with a smartphone application on secondary prevention of coronary artery disease: A randomised controlled study (the TeleDiet study).

OMICs and Basic Research

NMR foodomics in the assessment of diet and effects beyond nutrients.

Transcriptomic profiles of the ruminal wall in Italian Mediterranean dairy buffaloes fed green forage.

Healthy Dietary Patterns

Healthy dietary indices and noncancer pain: a systematic review of cross-sectional and longitudinal studies.

Adherence to healthy dietary patterns and its association with physical fitness in military personnel.



Other news

Coffee With Olive Oil Recipe

Olive Oil: A Permanent Crop That Is Good for You and Good for Our Planet


Summary:

The current pandemic of obesity constitutes a major public health issue around the world, given its association with disabling chronic conditions and increased mortality. The prevalence of obesity has gone up dramatically since 1975, with an estimated 3-fold increase worldwide, mainly due to sedentary lifestyles and unhealthy dietary patterns.

Obesity is a major risk factor contributing to pathological aging, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Regarding protective interventions, the adoption of the Mediterranean diet (Med Diet), who is known for its distinctive use of olive oil as its main source of fat, is inversely associated with overweight and obesity. A recent review summarizes the evidence regarding the negative association between high adherence to the Med Diet and overweight and obesity. It also mentions trials, such as the PREDIMED and the CORDIPREV trials, that have shown clear cardiovascular benefits of the Med Diet, and that additionally bring forth promising results in terms of weight loss and weight control over time. Regarding adiposity, a dietary intervention involving the Med Diet and the consumption of almonds, showed a reduction of central adiposity, along with the expression of several genes implicated in fat metabolism in visceral adipose tissue.
Obesity is also an important risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). In fact, evidence supports a bidirectional link between both conditions, as sleep disorders also trigger further metabolic dysregulations. Consequently, a person suffering for OSA is at risk for cardiometabolic morbidity. The MIMOSA trial aimed to assess the long-term efficacy of a lifestyle intervention (combining a Med Diet with behavioral counseling in favor of healthy lifestyle habits) on cardiometabolic manifestations in overweight patients with OSA. This was done by including a follow-up phase to evaluate the sustainability of cardiometabolic changes after the completion of the intervention. The results showed that the beneficial changes achieved after the 1-year lifestyle intervention were sustained 6 months post-intervention, suggesting that lifestyle modifications, including the adoption of a Med Diet, constitute a propitious line of action for the treatment of OSA.
In summary, with all the points addressed in this newsletter, the Mediterranean diet stands as a promising strategy to prevent and treat obesity and its associated health consequences.

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