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Mediterranean diet

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Perceived Immunity Among the Saudi Population: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Adherence to Mediterranean dietary quality index and risk of breast cancer in adult women: a case-control study.

Primary prevention of cardiovascular disease in women with a Mediterranean diet: systematic review and meta-analysis.

Behaviour Change Techniques Used in Mediterranean Diet Interventions for Older Adults: A Systematic Scoping Review.

Pancreatic Macrophages and their Diabetogenic Effects: Highlight on Several Metabolic Scenarios and Dietary Approach.

Relationship between adherence to the Mediterranean diet, sustainable and healthy eating behaviors, and awareness of reducing the ecological footprint.

Dietary patterns

Development of a Diet Quality Score for Japanese and Comparison With Existing Diet Quality Scores Regarding Inadequacy of Nutrient Intake.

Association of diet quality indices with serum and metabolic biomarkers in participants of the ORISCAV-LUX-2 study.

Plasma Protein Biomarkers of Healthy Dietary Patterns: Results from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study and the Framingham Heart Study.

The Influence of Metabolic Factors and Diet on Fertility.

Metabolic syndrome

Comparative effects of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptors agonists, 4-dipeptidyl peptidase inhibitors, and metformin on metabolic syndrome.

The Impact of Westernization on the Insulin/IGF-I Signaling Pathway and the Metabolic Syndrome: It Is Time for Change.

Body composition

Association of major dietary patterns with resting metabolic rate and body fatness in middle-aged men and women: Results from a cross-sectional study.

Increase from low to moderate, but not high, caffeinated coffee consumption is associated with favorable changes in body fat.

Mental health

Mediterranean diet adherence is associated with lower dementia risk, independent of genetic predisposition: findings from the UK Biobank prospective cohort study.

Effect of a dietary intervention based on the Mediterranean diet on the quality of life of patients recovered from depression: Analysis of the PREDIDEP randomized trial.

cMIND Diet, Indoor Air Pollution, and Depression: A Cohort Study Based on the CLHLS from 2011 to 2018.

Nuts consumption

Long-Term Consumption of Nuts (Including Peanuts, Peanut Butter, Walnuts, and Other Nuts) in Relation to Risk of Frailty in Older Women: Evidence from a Cohort Study.


Depression is an important health condition due to its high prevalence and the personal suffering it entails. Following a Mediterranean dietary pattern may have beneficial effects on mental health. In the multicentre PREDIDEP trial, researchers evaluated the effect of a dietary intervention based on the Mediterranean diet enriched with Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) on improving health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients recovered from depression. In this randomized trial, participants were randomly assigned to one of two groups: Mediterranean diet or control (without nutritional intervention). HRQoL was assessed with the validated Spanish version of the SF-36 Health Survey at baseline and at 1-year and 2-year follow-up. This questionnaire measures eight dimensions of health status: physical functioning, role limitations due to physical problems, tolerance, general health perceptions, vitality, social functioning, role limitations due to emotional problems, and mental health. After two years of follow-up, the intervention group consuming a Mediterranean diet enriched with EVOO, compared to the control group, showed an increase in Mental health, Vitality, Mental Summary Component and General Health. The results were consistent when the analyses were restricted to participants aged 60 or more years. A Mediterranean diet enriched with EVOO may be effective to improve the quality of life of patients recovered from depression.
Dementia is a global public health issue because of its large social cost. A high adherence to the Mediterranean diet enriched with EVOO might reduce the risk of dementia. In the UK Biobank multi-centre prospective cohort study, a team of researchers evaluated the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and dementia incidence. Two scores were used to assess adherence to the Mediterranean diet: the MedDiet Adherence Screener (MEDAS) score and the MedDiet PYRAMID score. Participants who had a higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet had a lower risk of incident all-cause dementia, independent of genetic risk. Compared to those who had the lowest adherence to Mediterranean diet, those with the highest adherence, had 23% lower risk of dementia.

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