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Cardiovascular disease

Association of microbiota polyphenols with cardiovascular health in the context of a Mediterranean diet.

Acceptability of a high-protein Mediterranean-style diet and resistance exercise protocol for cardiac rehabilitation patients: Involving service users in intervention design using a mixed-methods participatory approach.

Effects of Supplemented Mediterranean Diets on Plasma-Phospholipid Fatty Acid Profiles and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease after 1 Year of Intervention in the PREDIMED Trial.

Plasma Metabolites Link Dietary Patterns to Stroke Risk.


Changes in quantity plant-based protein intake on type 2 diabetes remission in coronary heart disease patients: from the CORDIOPREV study.


Lifestyle Modifications and Nutritional and Therapeutic Interventions in Delaying the Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease: A Review.

High-Fructose Diet-Induced Hyperuricemia Accompanying Metabolic Syndrome-Mechanisms and Dietary Therapy Proposals.

Risks and Benefits of Different Dietary Patterns in CKD.

Gut health

Healthy dietary patterns are associated with the gut microbiome in the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos.

Mediterranean diet
Adherence to Mediterranean diet in Italy (ARIANNA) cross-sectional survey: study protocol.

A peer support dietary change intervention for encouraging adoption and maintenance of the Mediterranean diet in a non-Mediterranean population (TEAM-MED): lessons learned and suggested improvements.

Comparison and convergent validity of five Mediterranean dietary indexes applied to Brazilian adults and older adults: data from a population-based study (2015 ISA-Nutrition).

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and risk of frailty and pre-frailty in elderly adults: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis with GRADE assessment.


Diet Quality and All-Cause Mortality in Women with Breast Cancer from the Breast Cancer Family Registry.

Women health

Ketogenic Diet as Medical Prescription in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).

Assessing the Mediterranean diet adherence during pregnancy: Practical considerations based on the associations with cardiometabolic risk.

The Effect on Inflammation of Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.

Metabolomic biomarkers of the mediterranean diet in pregnant individuals: A prospective study.

Cognitive function

A longitudinal study of lifestyle behaviours in emerging adulthood and risk for symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress.

Adherence to Mediterranean Diet and Depressive Symptomatology Among Boston Area Puerto Ricans.

Body composition

Increase from low to moderate, but not high, caffeinated coffee consumption is associated with favorable changes in body fat.


Omega-3 fatty acids in parenteral nutrition - A systematic review with network meta-analysis on clinical outcomes.


In this week's newsletter, we bring forward a research study that points out the effect of plasma fatty acids (FAs) on the risk of cardiovascular disease. Investigators conducted a case-cohort study nested within the PREDIMED trial and evaluated the relationship between changes in plasma phospholipid fatty acids and cardiovascular risk, in a high cardiovascular risk population. Two groups of participants were assigned a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), with the first one supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil (MedDiet + EVOO) and the second one with mixed nuts (MedDiet + nuts). The changes in FA profile were different for each MedDiet group, but a significant decrease in the n6 FAs was observed in both groups after one year. Moreover, the increase of C18:2n6c (linoleic acid, LA) observed in the MedDiet + nuts was associated with a lower subsequent risk of cardiovascular disease. Similarly, in a nested cohort from the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study, researchers looked to characterize the link between certain dietary patterns and circulating metabolites, while also examining their associations with stroke risk. The researchers assessed 162 metabolites from plasma at baseline. Mediation analyses showed that guanosine, gluconic acid, and C7 carnitine could be potential mediators linking plant-based diets, including the MedDiet, to reduced stroke risk.
On a different topic, the incidence of diabetes is rapidly increasing due to the rising prevalence of obesity. In this regard, it is key to implement diabetes prevention strategies, such as lifestyle interventions. A group of researchers from the CORonary Diet Intervention with Olive oil and cardiovascular PREVention study (CORDIOPREV) set out to assess if greater consumption of plant-based proteins, at expense of reducing animal proteins, was associated with an increase of type 2 Diabetes remission in a population of newly diagnosed diabetic patients with coronary heart disease, without weight loss nor pharmacological treatment. Strikingly, their results showed that participants that increased plant protein intake were more likely to remit from diabetes than those who decreased their intake.

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