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Effect of Dietary Phenolic Compounds on Incidence of Type 2 Diabetes in the "Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra" (SUN) Cohort.

Pre-Pregnancy Adherence to Mediterranean Diet and Risk of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Prospective Cohort Study in Greece.

Association between a priori and a posteriori dietary patterns and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a representative cohort study in Taiwan.

Determining Dietary Patterns to Recommend for Type 2 Diabetes: An Umbrella Review.


Low Adherence to Mediterranean Diet Is Associated with Probable Sarcopenia in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Results from the Longevity Check-Up (Lookup) 7+ Project.

Health and Nutrition Analysis in Older Adults in San José de Minas Rural Parish in Quito, Ecuador.

Association of Dietary Nitrate and a Mediterranean Diet With Age-Related Macular Degeneration Among US Adults: The Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) and AREDS2.

Body composition

Dietary Intervention on Overweight and Obesity after Confinement by COVID-19.

Application of Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) to Elucidate the Connections among Smell, Obesity with Related Metabolic Alterations, and Eating Habit in Patients with Weight Excess.

Relation of Minimally Processed Foods and Ultra-Processed Foods with the Mediterranean Diet Score, Time-Related Meal Patterns and Waist Circumference: Results from a Cross-Sectional Study in University Students.


Emerging Role of Plant-Based Dietary Components in Post-Translational Modifications Associated with Colorectal Cancer.

Levels and Health Risk Assessment of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Vegetable Oils and Frying Oils by Using the Margin of Exposure (MOE) and the Incremental Lifetime Cancer Risk (ILCR) Approach in China.

Movement and health beyond care, MoviS: study protocol for a randomized clinical trial on nutrition and exercise educational programs for breast cancer survivors.

Adherence to Mediterranean-Style Dietary Pattern and Risk of Bladder Cancer: A Case-Control Study in Iran.

Lipid profile

Serum from Adolescents with High Polyphenol Intake Exhibits Improved Lipid Profile and Prevents Lipid Accumulation in HepG2 Human Liver Cells.

Olive pomace oil can improve blood lipid profile: a randomized, blind, crossover, controlled clinical trial in healthy and at-risk volunteers.

Loss of Visceral Fat is Associated with a Reduction in Inflammatory Status in Patients with Metabolic Syndrome.

Mental health

Plant-based dietary patterns and their association with mood in healthy individuals.

The role of nutrition and the Mediterranean diet on the trajectories of cognitive decline.


Mediterranean Diet: The Role of Phenolic Compounds from Aromatic Plant Foods.

The Impact of Za'atar Antioxidant Compounds on the Gut Microbiota and Gastrointestinal Disorders: Insights for Future Clinical Applications.

Mediterranean Diet and Melatonin: A Systematic Review.

Rheumatoid arthritis

Olive Oil and Nuts in Rheumatoid Arthritis Disease Activity.


Atherosclerosis and Endometriosis: The Role of Diet and Oxidative Stress in a Gender-Specific Disorder.


Critical evaluation of the questionnaires assessing adherence to the Mediterranean diet that are based on servings.

DNA-Methylation Signatures of Tobacco Smoking in a High Cardiovascular Risk Population: Modulation by the Mediterranean Diet.

Associations of adherence to Mediterranean-like diet pattern with incident rosacea: A prospective cohort study of government employees in China.

Associations of adherence to the DASH diet and the Mediterranean diet with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among US adults.

Effects of Flaxseed Oil and Olive Oil on Markers of Inflammation and Wound Healing in Burn Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

Basic research

Thermal Effects on the Quality Parameters of Extra Virgin Olive Oil Using Fluorescence Spectroscopy.


The first article that we want to highlight this week is a systematic review that examines the role of polyphenols in the Mediterranean Diet with respect to human and planetary health. It advocates for a transition to a sustainable and resilient food system, with the adoption of more sustainable diets, such as the Mediterranean diet. It also pinpoints the upcoming challenges linked to a more massive adoption of the Mediterranean diet. Climate change and overharvesting are some of the potential issues facing a sustainable exploitation of Mediterranean plants, some of which are already threatened. Strategies are suggested, such as promoting responsible marketing and consumer literacy, and collaboration between different entities is emphasized as necessary for achieving this goal.
A concrete example of the beneficial effects of these phenolic compounds are described in another article. This is an analysis carried out in the SUN cohort, in which the effects of these compounds on the incidence of type 2 diabetes are examined. This article describes olive oil as one of the foods that provides the highest number of polyphenols. In their conclusions, the researchers suggest that a moderate-high intake of stilbenes (primarily from red wine) can decrease the risk of developing T2D in subjects over 50 years.
Another cohort study of this week also establishes a protective effect of the Mediterranean Diet against diabetes, but, this time, Gestational Diabetes. In this prospective cohort of pregnant women, the researchers find that a higher pre-pregnancy adherence to a Mediterranean Diet, especially with less meat consumption, could have a protective effect on the occurrence of Gestational Diabetes.

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