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Elder

Adherence to a Mediterranean Diet for 6 Months Improves the Dietary Inflammatory Index in a Western Population: Results from the MedLey Study.

Mental health and neurodegenerative

The Association of Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet with Depression in Older Adults Longitudinally Taking into Account Cognitive Status: Results from the HELIAD Study.

Mediterranean Diet is associated with a lower probability of prodromal Parkinson's disease and risk for Parkinson's disease/Dementia with Lewy Bodies: a longitudinal study.

Whole Dietary Patterns, Cognitive Decline and Cognitive Disorders: A Systematic Review of Prospective and Intervention Studies.

Mediterranean diet and structural neuroimaging biomarkers of Alzheimer's and cerebrovascular disease: A systematic review.

Metabolic health

Eating Behaviors, Lifestyle, and Ischemic Stroke: A Lebanese Case-Control Study.

Mortality

Predictors of total mortality and their differential association on premature or late mortality in the SUN cohort.

Women

The effect of diet quality on the risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ketogenic Diet as Medical Prescription in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).

Improving Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Early Pregnancy Using a Clinical Decision Support System; A Randomised Controlled Clinical Trial.

Young

Lifestyle and physical fitness in adolescents with type 1 diabetes and obesity.

Pediatric Overweight, Fatness and Risk for Dyslipidemia Are Related to Diet: A Cross-Sectional Study in 9-year-old Children.

Exploring the association between circulating trace elements, metabolic risk factors, and the adherence to a Mediterranean diet among children and adolescents with obesity.

Others

Development and validation of a photographic food atlas of Middle Eastern Mediterranean diet: Toward improved understanding of traditional healthy and sustainable diets.

Efficacy of Diet on Fatigue and Quality of Life in Multiple Sclerosis: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-analysis of Randomized Trials.

European Association for the Study of Obesity Position Statement on Medical Nutrition Therapy for the Management of Overweight and Obesity in Adults Developed in Collaboration with the European Federation of the Associations of Dietitians.

Other news

Mediterranean Diet Ranked Best Diet for 6th Year in a Row



Summary:

Obesity can be prevented through the acquisition and maintenance of a healthy lifestyle, including an adequate diet and a sufficient level of physical activity. Despite this, obesity continues to be a global problem whose solution has yet to be found. In line with this, a team of researchers has recently focused on the role that dietary trace elements may play in the pathogenesis of obesity and related disorders. For this, they carried out a study on obese children and investigated the relationship between certain trace elements found in the blood and the adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD). The MD has demonstrated to be beneficial for the prevention and improvement of multiple diseases, including obesity and associated comorbidities, and its dietary pattern is mainly based on plant-based foods and the inclusion of olive oil as its main source of fat. The researchers found that children who followed more closely the MD guidelines showed better glucose control and a healthier lipid profile, as well as increased levels of different trace elements, which are, in turn, negatively associated with the metabolic complications underlying childhood obesity. Even at a young age, following a healthy diet, such as the MD, is important to prevent future diseases.
Diet is also important in other stages of life, such as pregnancy. Research has shown that an unhealthy maternal dietary pattern could lead to future complications in both the mother’s and the offspring’s health. For instance, Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) carries important short- and long-term health concerns for both mother and child. Through a systematic review and meta-analysis based on 108,084 participants, a group of researchers examined the role of diet quality on the risk of GDM and found that better diet quality before or during pregnancy reduced the risk of developing gestational diabetes mellitus. Concretely, women following a MD had 0,51 lower odds (95% CI: 0.30-0.86) of developing GDM.



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