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Cardiovascular Disease

Effects of Supplemented Mediterranean Diets on Plasma-Phospholipid Fatty Acid Profiles and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease after 1 Year of Intervention in the PREDIMED Trial.

Mediterranean Alcohol-Drinking Pattern and Arterial Hypertension in the "Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra" (SUN) Prospective Cohort Study.

Eating Behaviors, Lifestyle, and Ischemic Stroke: A Lebanese Case-Control Study.

Mediterranean Diet, Energy Restriction, Physical Activity, and Atherogenicity of Very-Low Density Lipoproteins: Findings from Two Randomized Controlled Trials.

Obesity

Pediatric Overweight, Fatness and Risk for Dyslipidemia Are Related to Diet: A Cross-Sectional Study in 9-year-old Children.

The Antioxidant Potential of the Mediterranean Diet as a Predictor of Weight Loss after a Very Low-Calorie Ketogenic Diet (VLCKD) in Women with Overweight and Obesity.



Cancer

One-year nutrition counselling in the context of a Mediterranean diet reduced the dietary inflammatory index in women with breast cancer: a role for the dietary glycemic index.

Dietary Inflammatory Index, Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010, Mediterranean Diet Score and the risk of pancreatic cancer.



Pregnancy

Improving Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Early Pregnancy Using a Clinical Decision
Support System; A Randomised Controlled Clinical Trial.

Mediterranean Dietary Pattern and Cardiovascular Risk in Pregnant Women.



Dietary patterns

Effects of anti-inflammatory dietary patterns on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: a systematic literature review.

Risks and Benefits of Different Dietary Patterns in CKD.

Phytate Intake, Health and Disease: "Let Thy Food Be Thy Medicine and Medicine Be Thy Food".

Dietary patterns and practices and leucocyte telomere length: Findings from the UK Biobank.
Validation of the 14-item mediterranean diet adherence screener.

Diet Quality, Ultra-Processed Food Consumption, and Quality of Life in a Cross-Sectional Cohort of Adults and Teens with Celiac Disease.

Children's food choices are highly dependent on patterns of parenting practices and food availability at home in families at high risk for type 2 diabetes in Europe: Cross-sectional results from the Feel4Diabetes study.

Elderly, aging

Adherence to a Mediterranean Diet for 6 Months Improves the Dietary Inflammatory Index in a Western Population: Results from the MedLey Study.

Whole Dietary Patterns, Cognitive Decline and Cognitive Disorders: A Systematic Review of Prospective and Intervention Studies.

Mediterranean Diet, Ketogenic Diet or MIND Diet for Aging Populations with Cognitive Decline: A Systematic Review.

Association between a Mediterranean lifestyle and growth differentiation factor 15: The seniors ENRICA-2 cohort.



Mental health, depression

The Association of Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet with Depression in Older Adults Longitudinally Taking into Account Cognitive Status: Results from the HELIAD Study.

A Mediterranean diet intervention for young men with depression: patient experiences, challenges and benefits (the "AMMEND study") - A cross-sectional study.

Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease and Cognitive Decline with Diet and Lifestyle: Proceedings of the A. G. Leventis Foundation Conference.

Basic research

Oleuropein Attenuates Oxidative Stress in Human Trophoblast Cells.

Monounsaturated fatty acid-enriched olive oil exacerbates chronic alcohol-induced hepatic steatosis and liver injury in C57BL/6J mice.

Other news

https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2023/01/trying-mediterranean-diet-specialist-says-start-here/?utm_source=linkedin&utm_campaign=hu-linkedinuniversity-general&utm_medium=social



Summary:

Nowadays there is wide evidence supporting the beneficial effects of the Mediterranean Diet (MD) on health. The MD emphasizes plant-based foods and includes olive oil as its primary source of fat. Despite all the available evidence in its favor, the implementation of the MD can sometimes be scarce in clinical practice. In this context, different tools have been developed to analyze patient data and to help identify subjects at risk and susceptible to dietary intervention. A recent clinical trial evaluated the implementation of a Clinical Decision Support System (CDSS) software to increase adherence to the MD in a group of pregnant women, and compared it to a control group, in which the tool was not used. It was observed that the CDSS group increased their adherence to the MD and showed lower levels of anxiety and depression at the end of the trial. In line with these results suggesting positive effects of the MD on mental health, another study, based on the HELIAD cohort study, concluded that adherence to the MD was negatively associated with depression in older adults, above and beyond cognitive status. However, despite its benefits, patients can sometimes experience difficulties adhering to the MD. A cross-sectional study on young men suffering from depression, consisting of a 12-week MD intervention, examined the experiences of the participants to further understand the challenges in its implementation. Notably, the participants perceived an improvement in their depressive symptoms, and highlighted as positive the high palatability of the MD. Their main challenges were the increased cost and time commitment, as well as negative attitudes from their peers towards the diet.

With the rise of life expectancy, the concept of “healthy ageing” has been gaining importance in the last few years and is now the object of several studies. Mental health is key to healthy ageing and, as mentioned previously, following a MD could have beneficial effects in older adults suffering from depression. Moreover, chronic diseases are typical of ageing and therefore a reduction in their incidence will improve the quality of life of the elderly. In line with this, a clinical trial on older adults in Australia observed that a 6-month MD intervention significantly reduced inflammatory scores compared to the control group that followed their habitual diet. These results echo previous evidence and suggest once more that the MD can promote healthy ageing and protect against chronic disease.

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