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Cardiovascular Disease

Plasma metabolites link dietary patterns to stroke risk.

Mediterranean Diet, Energy Restriction, Physical Activity and Atherogenicity of Very-Low Density Lipoproteins: Findings from Two Randomized Controlled Trials.


The effect of adherence to high-quality dietary pattern on COVID-19 outcomes: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Potential usefulness of Mediterranean diet polyphenols against COVID-19-induced inflammation: a review of the current knowledge.

Olive oil

Phenolic Compounds from Virgin Olive Oil: Approaches for Their Synthesis and Analogues.

Effects of Lycopene-enriched, Organic, Extra Virgin Olive Oil on Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: A Pilot Study.

Children and youth

The Effect of Healthy Lifestyle Strategies on the Management of Insulin Resistance in Children and Adolescents with Obesity: A Narrative Review.

Socioeconomic vulnerabilities and food intake in European children: The Feel4Diabetes Study.

Pregnancy, fertility

Exercise, Mediterranean Diet Adherence or Both during Pregnancy to Prevent Postpartum Depression-GESTAFIT Trial Secondary Analyses.

Mediterranean diet and infertility: a systematic review with meta-analysis of cohort studies.


Environmental impacts and diet quality of popular diet models compared to Turkey's national nutrition guidelines.

Dietary patterns

Dietary Behavior and Diet Interventions among Structural Firefighters: A Narrative Review.

The Effect of Dietary Patterns on Inflammatory Biomarkers in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

The Role of Dietary Patterns and Dietary Quality on Body Composition of Adolescents in Chinese College.

Dietary Quality and Relationships with Metabolic Dysfunction-Associated Fatty Liver Disease (MAFLD) among United States Adults, Results from NHANES 2017-2018.

Dietary patterns and urinary phthalate exposure among postmenopausal women of the Women's Health Initiative.

Elderly, aging

Effects of Both Japanese-Style Dietary Patterns and Nutrition on Falling Incidents among Community-Dwelling Elderly Individuals: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Diet in the Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease: Current Knowledge and Future Research Requirements.

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Is Inversely Associated with the Prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome in Older People from the North of Spain.

Mental health, depression

Mediterranean Diet Interventions for Depressive Symptoms in Adults with Depressive Disorders: A Protocol for a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

Mediterranean diet, interception and mental health: Is it time to look beyond the 'Gut-brain axis'?


The Effect of Dietary Patterns on Inflammatory Biomarkers in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

Dynamics of Gut Microbiota and Clinical Variables after Ketogenic and Mediterranean Diets in Drug-Naïve Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Obesity.

Associations between soft-drink consumption and lifestyle patterns in overweight and obese European adults: Feel4Diabetes Study.

Smoking habit

Joint association of the Mediterranean diet and smoking with all-cause mortality in the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) cohort.

Basic research

Beneficial Effects of Essential Oils from the Mediterranean Diet on Gut Microbiota and Their Metabolites in Ischemic Heart Disease and Type-2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Concentration and probabilistic health risk assessment of benzo(a)pyrene in extra virgin olive oils supplied in Tehran, Iran.

Editorial: Mediterranean diet and cancer: Experimental and epidemiological perspectives.

Elevated LDL-cholesterol levels among lean mass hyper-responders on low-carbohydrate ketogenic diets deserve urgent clinical attention and further research.


The Mediterranean Diet (MD) is characterized by the use of olive oil as the main source of fat, as well as a high consumption of fruit and vegetables. There is wide evidence of its health benefits, especially for cardiovascular health. However, most of the studies have been conducted in adults, whereas in the elderly population, pregnant women and for children further research is needed. In order to give more targeted recommendations to these patient groups, articles such as this cross-sectional study in elderly patients look for associations between DM and metabolic syndrome. Despite its limitations, this study reflects the existence of an inverse association between the Mediterranean diet and the prevalence of metabolic syndrome in this population of high risk individuals. In the same line, a clinical trial conducted in pregnant women aimed to investigate the association between the MD, physical exercise and postpartum depression. In the intervention group, participants received physical exercise sessions and were monitored to assess their adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern. After the intervention, it was found that participants with higher adherence to the MD during pregnancy had a lower risk of postpartum depression. These results reflect the need for further research and promotion of the Mediterranean diet in minority groups of patients who would also be benefited.
Most studies on MD focus on its benefits or in association with exercise or healthy lifestyles. However, a recent observational study investigated the interaction of MD with smoking habit and mortality. In their analysis they found that those participants who were smokers and had low adherence to the Mediterranean diet had a multiplied mortality risk compared to non-smokers and adherent to the MD pattern.

In conclusion, evidence for the beneficial effects of MD remains solid, even for specific populations such as pregnant women and the elderly. Likewise, unhealthy habits such as smoking, together with low adherence to a Mediterranean dietary pattern, multiply the risk of mortality.

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