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Mental health and aging

Association of adherence to the Australian Dietary Guidelines with cognitive performance and cognitive decline in the Sydney Memory and Ageing Study: a longitudinal analysis.

Diet quality interventions to prevent neurocognitive decline: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Association between Dietary Patterns and Frailty Prevalence in Shanghai Suburban Elders: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Can specific nutrients, foods, or dietary patterns modulate cognitive function in (older) adults? Latest evidence from randomized controlled trials.

Brain region-specific disruption of mitochondrial bioenergetics in cynomolgus macaques fed a Western versus a Mediterranean diet.

Diabetes

Manchester Intermittent versus Daily Diet App Study (MIDDAS): A pilot randomized controlled trial in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Mediterranean diet in type 2 diabetes: An updated overview of pharmacological activities of cardiometabolic and reproductive outcomes.

Renal disease

A Qualitative Study of Clinician Barriers and Enablers to Implementing the Mediterranean Dietary Pattern with Kidney and Liver Transplant Recipients.

Gut microbiome and other omics

The Impact of a Mediterranean Diet on the Gut Microbiome in Healthy Human Subjects: A Pilot Study.

The Gut Microbiome Modifies the Association between a Mediterranean Diet and Diabetes in US Hispanic / Latino Population.

Fine-grained investigation of the relationship between human nutrition and global DNA methylation patterns.

COVID-19

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet during the COVID-19 national lockdowns: a systematic review of observational studies.

Changes in the consumption of foods characterising the Mediterranean dietary pattern and major correlates during the COVID-19 confinement in Italy: results from two cohort studies.

Olive oil

Protective Effects of Extra Virgin Olive Oil and Exercise Training on Rat Skeletal Muscle against High-fat Diet Feeding.

Sustainability

Changing dietary patterns is necessary to improve the sustainability of Western diets from a One Health perspective.

Other news

The categories of olive oil

American Heart Association declines to endorse EVOO consumption in the latest guideline

Summary:

Throughout the COVID-19 pandemic many countries adopted restrictive measures to mitigate the spread of the infection, which could have influenced people's lifestyle and dietary habits.

In a systematic review of 42 studies (4 longitudinal studies and 38 intervention studies) the impact of restrictions on adherence to the Mediterranean Diet was evaluated. The results of this study suggest that during lockdown the intake of the characteristic foods of the Mediterranean diet increased, although the design, quality and findings were quite heterogeneous.

In another longitudinal study, which also analyzed the effects of confinement and adherence to the Mediterranean diet in two cohorts of the Italian population, the authors concluded that 38.8% of the participants reported an improvement in diet quality during the first national lockdown. These healthy dietary changes were more noticeable in older ages (56-65 vs 18-39 years), along with an increase in physical activity and a decrease in body weight. The shift to healthy eating was also linked to a high consumption of organic, locally grown and more sustainable food.

Therefore, these studies suggest that during the early stages of lockdown it was observed that the consumption of healthy foods increased, and according to observational studies this trend was more noticeable in older individuals compared to younger ones.






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