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Mental health

Association between the Prime Diet Quality Score and depressive symptoms in a Mediterranean population with metabolic syndrome. Cross-sectional and 2-year follow-up assessment from PREDIMED-PLUS study

Lived experience in people with inflammatory bowel disease and comorbid anxiety and depression in the United Kingdom and Australia.

Dietary patterns and depressive symptoms among Iranian women.

Cardiovascular disease

Factors affecting statin uptake among people living with HIV: primary care provider perspectives.

Predictors of Functional Outcome After Thrombectomy in Patients With Prestroke Disability in Clinical Practice.

Evaluation of health-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of undergraduate students by cardiovascular risk factors.

Barriers and facilitators to participant adherence of dietary recommendations within comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation programmes: a systematic review.

Olive oil

Extra virgin olive oil high in polyphenols improves antioxidant status in adults: a double-blind, randomized, controlled, cross-over study (OLIVAUS).

Neuroprotective effects of oleuropein: Recent developments and contemporary research.

Levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in edible and fried vegetable oil: a health risk assessment study.

Transcriptomic Profile and Probiotic Properties of Lactiplantibacillus pentosus Pre-adapted to Edible Oils.

Dietary pattern

Food consumption in Tunisian university students and its association with sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle behaviours.

Does the neighbourhood food environment contribute to ethnic differences in diet quality? Results from the HELIUS study in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Dietary Habits and Musculoskeletal Pain in Statin and Red Yeast Rice Users: A Pilot Study.

Mediterranean diet

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet in Cyprus and its relationship to multi-morbidity: an epidemiological study.

Impact of nutrients and Mediterranean diet on the occurrence of gestational diabetes.
Healthy ageing and Mediterranean diet: a focus on hormetic phytochemicals.

Organic food

Diet and food type affect urinary pesticide residue excretion profiles in healthy individuals: results of a randomized controlled dietary intervention trial.

Organic food consumption is associated with inflammatory biomarkers among older adults.

Miscellaneous

Participatory Action Research and Photovoice: Applicability, Relevance, and Process in Nursing Education Research

Summary:

This study examines the adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) and its relationship with multi-morbidity, defined as the presence of two or more chronic conditions at the same time, which can potentially reduce quality of life. There is abundant evidence of the benefits of the MD, which is abundant in extra virgin olive oil, fruits, legumes and vegetables. To conduct the study, a representative sample of Cyprus citizens was recruited and information related to diet, physical activity, smoking and clinical conditions, among others, was collected. They observed an association between physical activity, living in rural areas, and a high adherence to the MD (compared with sedentarism and living in urban areas). Also, the risk of multi-morbidity was 32% higher in those participants with a low MD adherence, independent of their age, gender, smoking habits or physical activity. These findings suggest that those people with overall better lifestyle habits, are expected to have less incidence of chronic multi-morbidities.

Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a glucose disorder recognized during pregnancy. Since the incidence of this disease is increasing, a group of Tunisian researchers decided to investigate whether the dietary pattern could influence the risk of developing GDM. For this study, adherence to the MD was assessed in 2 groups of 60 women each, with and without GDM. Their results showed that those women who adhered more to the MD (in both groups) had lower fasting and plasma glucose levels after 2h of load, compared with lower MD adherence scores. Furthermore, those women without GDM consumed significantly more legumes, vegetables, fish, monounsaturated fatty acids (MFA) and vitamin D, which is very characteristic of the MD. On the contrary, the GDM group intake of saturated fatty acids was significantly higher and MFA consumption very low compared to the healthy group. These findings suggest that following a MD during pregnancy may help reduce the risk of developing GDM.

The large PREDIMED project investigates the influence of the MD on several diseases. In this article, the authors focus on mental health, more specifically depression. Depression is an illness affecting more and more people worldwide and is influenced by lifestyle habits such as diet. Researchers used the Prime Diet Quality Score (PDQS) to define a high-quality food pattern and assess the prevalence of depressive symptoms among participants. A high punctuation in the PDQS score was associated with less depressive symptomatology, suggesting that a healthy diet could protect against depression.

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