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Women's health

Healthy Habits and Emotional Balance in Women during the Postpartum Period: Differences between Term and Preterm Delivery.

Mental health and cognitive function

Association of dietary patterns with cognitive function and cognitive decline in Sydney
Memory and Ageing Study: a longitudinal analysis.

Adherence to Mediterranean Diet and Cognitive Abilities in the Greek Cohort of Epirus Health Study.

Alzheimer's Disease, Mild Cognitive Impairment and Mediterranean Diet. A Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-Analysis.

Metformin Use and Cognitive Function in Older Adults With Type 2 Diabetes Following a Mediterranean Diet Intervention.

Cardiovascular disease

A score appraising Paleolithic diet and the risk of cardiovascular disease in a Mediterranean prospective cohort.

Feasibility of a high-PRotein Mediterranean-style diet and resistance Exercise in cardiac Rehabilitation patients with sarcopenic obesity (PRiMER): Study protocol for a randomised control trial.

COVID-19

Influence of Confinement Due to COVID-19 on Physical Activity and Mediterranean Diet Adherence and Its Relationship with Self-Esteem in Pre-Adolescent Students.

Liver disease

Dietary Approaches for Management of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Clinician's Guide.

Frailty

Association between Dietary Patterns and Frailty Prevalence in Shanghai Suburban Elders: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Cancer

Evidence Update on the Relationship between Diet and the Most Common Cancers from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study: A Systematic Review

Mediterranean Diet Affects Blood Circulating Lipid-Soluble Micronutrients and Inflammatory Biomarkers in a Cohort of Breast Cancer Survivors: Results from the SETA Study.

Lifestyle

Association of healthy lifestyle and all-cause mortality according to medication burden.

Relationships among Physical Self-Concept, Physical Activity and Mediterranean Diet in Adolescents from the Province of Granada.

Successful aging and lifestyle comparison of Greeks living in Greece and abroad: the epidemiological Mediterranean Islands Study (MEDIS).

The impact of nutrition and lifestyle modification on health.

Mediterranean diet

The interaction between genetic polymorphisms in FTO, MC4R and MTHFR genes and adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in relation to obesity.

Effectiveness of a Motivational Nutritional Intervention through Social Networks 2.0 to Increase Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Improve Lung Function in Active Smokers: The DIET Study, a Randomized, Controlled and Parallel Clinical Trial in Primary Care.

Modulation of Telomere Length by Mediterranean Diet, Caloric Restriction, and Exercise: Results from PREDIMED-Plus Study.

Technology-based nutrition interventions using the Mediterranean diet: a systematic review.

Mediterranean diet and lung function, sensitization, and asthma at school age: The PARIS cohort.

Diet quality and dietary patterns

Which Diets Are Effective in Reducing Cardiovascular and Cancer Risk in Women with Obesity? An Integrative Review

Persistent organic pollutants

Polychlorinated dioxins, furans (PCDD/Fs) and dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) in food from Italy: Estimates of dietaryintake and assessment.

Bioactive compounds

Oleanolic Acid-Enriched Olive Oil Alleviates the Interleukin-6 Overproduction Induced by Postprandial Triglyceride-Rich Lipoproteins in THP-1 Macrophages.

Comparative 1H NMR-Based Chemometric Evaluations of the Time-Dependent Generation of Aldehydic Lipid Oxidation Products in Culinary Oils Exposed to Laboratory-Simulated Shallow Frying Episodes: Differential Patterns Observed for Omega-3 Fatty Acid-Containing Soybean Oils.

The Extra Virgin Olive Oil Polyphenol Oleocanthal Exerts Antifibrotic Effects in the Liver.

Other news

Study: Nutri-Score Label System Does Not Discourage Olive Oil Consumption

Following a Mediterranean Diet May Reverse Cognitive Decline in Elderly

Study: Oleocanthal Regulates Abnormalities in Receptor Responsible for Alzheimer’s

Mediterranean Diet Linked With Long-Term Health Benefits for Teenagers

Summary:

It is already well-known and has been demonstrated by the PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea) randomized trial that the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) can be effective for the secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease. A new analysis within the PREDIMED-Plus-Cognition sub-study has now revealed that MedDiet interventions could also be beneficial in improving cognition among individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Although metformin has been used since the 1950s as first-line pharmacotherapy for treating patients with T2D with good glycemic control, there is currently considerable controversy about its effect on cognition. This is the first study to date to examine the effect of metformin on cognition in older adults with T2D following a MedDiet intervention. Among participants with good glycemic control, those treated with metformin presented a better baseline performance in memory, executive functions and global cognition than those not treated with metformin. However, those not treated with metformin presented higher adherence to the MedDiet over time as well as greater improvements in memory, executive functions and global cognition, so that baseline differences between individuals with T2D treated and not treated with metformin vanished after 1 and 3 years of a MedDiet intervention. These results suggest that adherence to a MedDiet intervention could be superior to the potential neuroprotective effects of metformin among older adults with overweight and metabolic syndrome who have good glycemic control of their T2D.

Likewise, there is overwhelming evidence that diet and other related factors such as alcohol intake, physical activity or obesity have an important impact on cancer risk, meanwhile positive behaviour changes can significantly reduce cancer risk and burden. The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), one of the largest cohort studies in the world, was precisely designed to investigate the relationship between diet and cancer, among other chronic diseases. A new systematic review analyzed the findings from EPIC on the relationship between diet-related exposures and incidence or mortality from the four most frequent cancers in the European population: colorectal, breast, lung, and prostate cancer. Overall findings showed that fruit and vegetable consumption had a protective effect against colorectal, breast, and lung cancer, whereas only fruit had a protective effect against prostate cancer. A higher consumption of fish and lower consumption of red and processed meat were related with a lower risk of colorectal cancer; a higher consumption of fatty fish with lower risk of breast cancer; and alcohol consumption increased the risk for colorectal and breast cancer. Calcium and yogurt intake were found to protect against colorectal and prostate cancer. Finally, adherence to the MedDiet emerged as a protective factor for colorectal and breast cancer.

Lastly, another PREDIMED-Plus sub-study has shown the protective effect of diet at a molecular level in relation to aging. The authors observed greater adherence to the specific recommendations (greater increase in the MedDiet adherence and leisure-time physical activity) and greater metabolic benefits (greater weight loss and increase in HDL concentrations) in participants within the intervention group than in those in the control group advised to follow an unrestricted caloric MedDiet with no advice on weight loss. Despite these differences between groups, there was a favourable change in telomere length in both groups during follow-up. No significant differences in relation to telomere length were observed between intervention groups, suggesting both interventions produced beneficial effects on MedDiet adherence. Therefore, these findings suggest that the MedDiet could have an important role in preventing telomere shortening.

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