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CANCER

Mediterranean diet and cancer.

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE

Effects of the Mediterranean Diet or Nut Consumption on Gut Microbiota Composition and Fecal Metabolites and their Relationship with Cardiometabolic Risk Factors.

Trial to Encourage Adoption and Maintenance of a MEditerranean Diet (TEAM-MED): a randomised pilot trial of a peer support intervention for dietary behaviour change in adults from a Northern European population at high cardiovascular disease risk.

A lifestyle intervention with an energy-restricted Mediterranean diet and physical activity enhances HDL function: a substudy of the PREDIMED-Plus randomized controlled trial.

The Relationship Between Dietary Choices and Health and Premature Vascular Ageing.

COVID-19

Quarantine during COVID-19 outbreak: Adherence to the Mediterranean diet among the Cypriot population.

CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS

Maternal diet quality during pregnancy and child cognition and behavior in a US cohort.

Trends in the adherence to the Mediterranean diet in Israeli adolescents: results from two national health and nutrition surveys, 2003 and 2016.

The effect of a Mediterranean diet vs. a low-fat diet on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in children: a randomized trial.

COGNITIVE FUNCTION

Effect of nutrition on neurodegenerative diseases. A systematic review.

Long-term diet quality and its change in relation to late-life subjective cognitive decline.

Can specific nutrients, foods, or dietary patterns modulate cognitive function in (older) adults? Latest evidence from randomized controlled trials.

CHRONIC DISEASES AND INFLAMMATION

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet in Cyprus and its relationship to multi-morbidity: an epidemiological study.

Effects of Dietary Patterns on Biomarkers of Inflammation and Immune Responses: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials.

OBESITY AND OVERWEIGHT

Mediterranean diet consumption affects the endocannabinoid system in overweight and obese subjects: possible links with gut microbiome, insulin resistance and inflammation.

PREGNANCY

Impact of nutrients and Mediterranean diet on the occurrence of gestational diabetes.

RESPIRATORY DISEASES

Mediterranean diet and lung function, sensitization, and asthma at school age: The PARIS cohort.

A weight-loss Mediterranean diet/lifestyle intervention ameliorates inflammation and oxidative stress in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: results of the "MIMOSA" randomized clinical trial.

BASIC RESEARCH

Brain region-specific disruption of mitochondrial bioenergetics in cynomolgus macaques fed a Western vs. a Mediterranean diet.



OTHER NEWS

Olive Oil’s Many Health Benefits to be Explored in Yale Symposium in Spain

Following a Mediterranean Diet May Reverse Cognitive Decline in Elderly



Summary:

The Mediterranean diet alone has been shown to improve HDL and triglyceride levels and reduce obesity rates in recent trials. Additionally, physical exercise and energy-restrictive dietary patterns have also been shown to improve HDL function. This week we would like to share with you a clinical trial conducted by PREDIMED-Plus, involving 391 adults with metabolic syndrome, over a 6-month intervention comparing two branches that had a good adherence to the Mediterranean diet, traditionally high in olive oil consumption. One of the study branches was assigned to a physical activity intervention and an energy-restricted diet (191 people) and the other as a control. Although no significant increase in HDL levels was observed, those who underwent the intervention had a weight loss of 3.83kg (95%CI 3.09 to 4.57) which was significantly higher compared to the control group, as well as a decrease in triglyceride levels.

Regarding the study of biomarkers and diet, we find a noteworthy review by Koelman et al. who have found that the Mediterranean diet has shown the greatest reduction in inflammatory biomarkers, such as IL-6, IL-1β, C-Reactive Protein. No substantial effects were observed for the additional dietary patterns studied in the intervention research, including the Dietary Adherence to Stop Hypertension diet, and vegetarian or vegan diets.



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