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Women's Health

Association between food security, diet quality, and dietary intake during pregnancy in a predominantly African American group of women from North Carolina.

Effects of DHA-Rich n-3 Fatty Acid Supplementation and/or Resistance Training on Body Composition and Cardiometabolic Biomarkers in Overweight and Obese Post-Menopausal Women.

Design and implementation of a standard care programme of therapeutic exercise and education for breast cancer survivors.

Health in the adolescence

Longitudinal Associations of Healthy Behaviors on Fitness in Adolescents: DADOS Study.

Mediterranean Diet, Screen-Time-Based Sedentary Behavior and Their Interaction Effect on Adiposity in European Adolescents: The HELENA Study.

Neurology, Psychiatry and Cognition

Associations of Diet Quality with Midlife Brain Volume: Findings from the UK Biobank Cohort Study.

Interplay between cognition and weight reduction in individuals following a Mediterranean Diet: Three-year follow-up of the PREDIMED-Plus trial.

Cardiovascular Disease

Proteins as Mediators of the Association Between Diet Quality and Incident Cardiovascular Disease and All-Cause Mortality: The Framingham Heart Study.

The Effects of Reduced Physical Activity on the Lipid Profile in Patients with High Cardiovascular Risk during COVID-19 Lockdown.

Diet quality and dietary patterns

Diet quality of Norwegian children at 3 and 7 years: changes, predictors and longitudinal association with weight.

The Mediterranean diet and physical activity: better together than apart for the prevention of premature mortality.

Evaluating Mediterranean Diet-Adherent, Healthy and Allergen-Free Meals Offered in Tarragona Province Restaurants (Catalonia, Spain): A Cross-Sectional Study.

Ultra-processed foods and type-2 diabetes risk in the SUN project: A prospective cohort study.

Dietary quality and bisphenols: trends in bisphenol A, F, and S exposure in relation to the Healthy Eating Index using representative data from the NHANES 2007-2016.

Recent Trends in Dietary Habits of the Italian Population: Potential Impact on Health and the Environment.

Physical Education and the Adoption of Habits Related to the Mediterranean Diet.

Mediterranean diet is inversely associated with steatosis and fibrosis and decreases ten-year diabetes and cardiovascular risk in NAFLD subjects: Results from the ATTICA prospective cohort study.

Association between dietary factors and brown adipose tissue volume/18F-FDG uptake in young adults.

Dietary Fats

Fatty Acids Quality in Middle Eastern Traditional Dishes, Arabic Sweets and Market Foods Frequently Consumed in Lebanon.

Olive oil-based lipid emulsion is noninferior to soybean oil-based lipid emulsion in the acute care setting: A double-blind randomized controlled trial.

Hypothalamic Renin-Angiotensin System and Lipid Metabolism: Effects of Virgin Olive Oil versus Butter in the Diet.

Meta Analysis

Associations of Total Legume, Pulse, and Soy Consumption with Incident Type 2 Diabetes: Federated Meta-Analysis of 27 Studies from Diverse World Regions.

Nutrigenomics

Nutrigenetic variants and response to diet/lifestyle intervention in obese subjects: a pilot study.



Nutrition Equity

A Home-Based eHealth Intervention for an Older Adult Population With Food Insecurity: Feasibility and Acceptability Study.

Other News

EVOO A PERFECT DEFENDER

Researchers Link Adherence to Med Diet with Improved Outlook for Clinically Depressed

Summary:

This week's articles summarize olive oils’ most prominent healthful benefits. From neuropsychiatric to cardiovascular health, its benefits are found across multiple age groups and in particular for women’s health. The macronutrient “fat” has taken on a positive connotation as a result of the abundance of evidence surrounding olive oil (OO) and its multiple benefits.

New trends in the understanding of obesity pathophysiology are shifting focus towards the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and its link with fatty acid deposit and weight gain. Traditionally linked to water and blood pressure regulation, the RAS has now been linked to thermogenic, metabolic, and satiety-regulating mechanisms of the hypothalamus. In a basic research study with an animal model, a high fat diet regime with distinct fatty acid profiles compared the effects of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) to butter in relation to body weight under similar caloric intake. Animals on the EVOO intervention group showed interesting changes in endocrine function, such as lower conversion of angiotensin, lower expression of genes regulating lipid metabolism, and minimal alterations in leptin activity. The neuroendocrine functions of EVOO are not fully understood, however the evidence supporting a positive link between dietary patterns with abundant OO consumption and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) or diabetes have been consistent for the past decade. An observational study found that in the presence of NAFLD, patients with a high adherence to a mediterranean dietary pattern had no significant increase in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk compared to a low adherence group that experienced an increased risk of almost 40%. Overall, these reports support the biological plausibility of alternate mechanisms through which EVOO fatty acids modulate body weight and endocrine functions that further support its inclusion in healthy dietary patterns.

Nonetheless, the highlight of this week is a report from the Framingham Heart Study that explains the possible biological links between high quality diets, CVD, and mortality. This well-known cohort presents their results from a sample of 6360 participants with a median follow-up of 13 years, presenting 512 fatal cases and 488 incident CVD events. A total of 71 proteins were described as potential links between diet quality and CVD or mortality, in addition to inflammatory pathways or neuroinflammatory response. Using mediation analysis, six proteins were identified as mediators between diet quality and all cause mortality and one protein for CVD; the specific proteins are presented in the full report found here. Current trends are contributing to our understanding of the intricate mechanisms that regulate body composition. In this context, olive oil plays an important role for its healthy fatty acid content and elevated concentrations of antioxidant properties.

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