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Metabolic diseases

The Mediterranean lifestyle (MEDLIFE) index and metabolic syndrome in a non-Mediterranean working population.

Special Issue "Mediterranean Diet and Metabolic Diseases".

Chronic Intermittent Hypoxia Induces Early-Stage Metabolic Dysfunction Independently of Adipose Tissue Deregulation.

Impact of Meal Fatty Acid Composition on Postprandial Lipemia in Metabolically Healthy Adults and Individuals with Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors: A Systematic Review.

Urinary Tartaric Acid, a Biomarker of Wine Intake, Correlates with Lower Total and LDL Cholesterol.

Natural Therapeutic Products

Beneficial effects of dietary supplementation with olive oil, oleic acid, or hydroxytyrosol in metabolic syndrome: Systematic review and meta-analysis.

Pharmaceutical Drugs and Natural Therapeutic Products for the Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Cardiovascular disease

The 3-Year Effect of the Mediterranean Diet Intervention on Inflammatory Biomarkers Related to Cardiovascular Disease.

Urinary Tartaric Acid, a Biomarker of Wine Intake, Correlates with Lower Total and LDL Cholesterol.

Mediterranean Diet and Mortality in People with Cardiovascular Disease: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies.

Whole-Grain Intake in the Mediterranean Diet and a Low Protein to Carbohydrates Ratio Can Help to Reduce Mortality from Cardiovascular Disease, Slow Down the Progression of Aging, and to Improve Lifespan: A Review.

The Effects of Reduced Physical Activity on the Lipid Profile in Patients with High Cardiovascular Risk during COVID-19 Lockdown.

Body composition

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and body composition of breast-feeding mothers: the potential role of unsaturated fatty acids.

Benefits of Adding an Aquatic Resistance Interval Training to a Nutritional Education on Body Composition, Body Image Perception and Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Older Women.

Kidney disease

Dietary protein sources and risk of diabetic nephropathy in women: A case-control study.

Impact of Physical Activity and Natural Bioactive Compounds on Endothelial Dysfunction in Chronic Kidney Disease.

Cancer

Quality Diet Index and Risk of Pancreatic Cancer: Findings from the Singapore Chinese Health Study.

Nutraceuticals in the Mediterranean Diet: Potential Avenues for Breast Cancer Treatment.

Children and offspring

The Impact of Lifestyle, Diet and Physical Activity on Epigenetic Changes in the Offspring-A Systematic Review.

Towards a More Sustainable Nutrition: Complementary Feeding and Early Taste Experiences as a Basis for Future Food Choices.

Association between the Sociodemographic Characteristics of Parents with Health-Related and Lifestyle Markers of Children in Three Different Spanish-Speaking Countries: An Inter-Continental Study at OECD Country Level.

Heart rate variability improves in 3 - 5-year-old children following a 6-month physical activity-based intervention: The Active Early Learning (AEL) cluster randomised controlled trial.

Gut microbiota

Effect of Diet and Dietary Components on the Composition of the Gut Microbiota.

Differential Effects of Western and Mediterranean-Type Diets on Gut Microbiota: A Metagenomics and Metabolomics Approach.

Mental health

The Relationship between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, Intake of Specific Foods and Depression in an Adult Population (45-75 Years) in Primary Health Care. A Cross-Sectional Descriptive Study.

Poor Dietary Quality and Patterns Are Associated with Higher Perceived Stress among Women of Reproductive Age in the UK.

Electrolytes

24-h Potassium Excretion Is Associated with Components of the Metabolic Syndrome: Results from a National Survey Based on Urine Collection in Adults.

Sodium and Potassium Content of Foods Consumed in an Italian Population and the Impact of Adherence to a Mediterranean Diet on Their Intake.

Antioxidants

Dietary Antioxidants in the Mediterranean Diet.

Potential Antioxidant and Anti-Inflammatory Properties of Serum from Healthy Adolescents with Optimal Mediterranean Diet Adherence: Findings from DIMENU Cross-Sectional Study.

Ultra-processed food

A Systematic Review of Worldwide Consumption of Ultra-Processed Foods: Findings and Criticisms.

Quality of life

Dietary patterns and health-related quality of life among Iranian adolescents.

Bone health

Nutritional intake and bone health.

Others

Biophenolic Profile Modulations in Olive Tissues as Affected by Manganese Nutrition.

Variety in fruits and vegetables, diet quality and lifestyle in an older adult mediterranean population.

Mediterranean diet assessment challenges: Validation of the Croatian Version of the 14-item Mediterranean Diet Serving Score (MDSS) Questionnaire.

Other news

Mediterranean diet rich in extra virgin olive oil could prevent the progression of atherosclerosis

Bioactive compounds from olive oil protect against breast cancer

Beneficial effects of the Mediterranean diet on COVID-19

Summary:

Often, the benefits of olive oil are encompassed within the overall Mediterranean dietary pattern or even a Mediterranean lifestyle. In this context, an original study evaluated the Mediterranean lifestyle (MEDLIFE) index in a non-Mediterranean working population. The MEDLIFE index consisted of 26 items on food consumption, dietary habits, physical activity, rest, and social interactions that scored 0 or 1 point, one of which included, of course, the consumption of olive oil. A higher score on this index was associated with a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome and a more favorable cardiometabolic profile. However, it is important to note that olive oil was among the items with the lowest scores in these participants. In this observational study, the relatively low consumption of olive oil merits further research to better understand its beneficial health properties within the larger context of lifestyle in non-Mediterranean populations, in order to promote its consumption.
Also in this week’s newsletter, a review and meta-analysis focuses on olive oil supplementation and its effect on metabolic syndrome. This review encompassed a total of 76 different studies from 67 trials, including data from the PREDIMED study, one of the most influential trials in establishing the beneficial role of the Mediterranean diet and olive oil on various non-communicable diseases. In this review, adherence to dietary interventions targeting metabolic syndrome resulted in improved antioxidant capacity, primarily in studies that used olive oil, oleic acid, or hydroxytyrosol supplementation.
One of the three articles in this newsletter from the PREDIMED trial, which continues to conduct new studies, concluded that the Mediterranean diet is a healthy long-term dietary pattern for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in high-risk populations. This conclusion was deduced from the decreased levels of different plasma inflammatory biomarkers in the intervention group.

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