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Covid 19

From the Ketogenic Diet to the Mediterranean Diet: The Potential Dietary Therapy in Patients with Obesity after CoVID-19 Infection (Post CoVID Syndrome)

Mediterranean diet

Mediterranean-Style Diet and Risk of Preeclampsia by Race in the Boston Birth Cohort

The effect of a high-polyphenol Mediterranean diet (Green-MED) combined with physical activity on age-related brain atrophy: the Dietary Intervention Randomized Controlled Trial Polyphenols Unprocessed Study (DIRECT PLUS)

Metabolic Syndrome

Key process features of personalized diet counselling in metabolic syndrome: secondary analysis of feasibility study in primary care

Blood lipids and cholesterol

Comparison of Blood Lipid Responses to Diets Enriched with Cottonseed Oil vs. Olive Oil in Adults with High Cholesterol in a Randomized Trial

Case Report: Hypercholesterolemia "Lean Mass Hyper-Responder" Phenotype Presents in the Context of a Low Saturated Fat Carbohydrate-Restricted Diet

Physical activity

Factors associated with a low level of physical activity in adolescents from La Rioja (Spain)

A 16-week multicomponent exercise training program improves menopause-related symptoms in middle-aged women. The FLAMENCO project randomized control trial

Diet quality tools

SAlBi educa (Tailored Nutrition App for Improving Dietary Habits): Initial Evaluation of Usability

Comparison of diet quality tools to assess nutritional adequacy for adults living with kidney disease

Parkinson's disease

Dietary Patterns and Nonmotor Symptoms in Parkinson's Disease: A Cross-Sectional Analysis

Diabetes

Dietary patterns among Saudis with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Riyadh: A cross-sectional study

Elderly and inflammation

Dietary score associations with markers of chronic low-grade inflammation: a cross-sectional comparative analysis of a middle- to older-aged population

Association of prolonged nightly fasting with cardiovascular, renal, inflammation, and nutritional status biomarkers in community-dwelling older adults

Alcohol consumption patterns and growth differentiation factor 15 among life-time drinkers aged 65+ years in Spain: a cross-sectional study

Macular degeneration

Trends in Hawai'i Ophthalmologists' Recommendations to Patients for Prevention of Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Others
Senatore cappelli (Triticum turgidum ssp. durum) pasta: a study on the nutritional quality of whole grains and its physical form

Compliance with Dietary Recommendations and Sociodemographic Factors in a Cross-Sectional Study of Natives and Immigrants in Spain

Basic research

Isolated and combined impact of dietary olive oil and exercise on markers of health and energy metabolism in female mice

Other news

Conference on Nutrition and Health labelling of extra virgin olive oilsin the European Union

Childhood Obesity on the Rise in Spain as Adherence to Med Diet Falls

Efectos del aceite de oliva virgen sobre la salud cardiovascular – Fernando López Segura

Summary:

The COVID-19 pandemic, in which we are still immersed, has had important health consequences worldwide. One of these is the number of people suffering from post-COVID syndrome. One of this week's articles is a review of dietary and physical activity recommendations for this type of patient. It recommends following a ketogenic diet followed by a transition to a Mediterranean diet, combined with a physical activity program. In both diets the main contribution of fat comes from olive oil, being one of the protagonists as it is rich in antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immune-modulating substances, such as polyphenols.
Another of this week's articles is also about the Mediterranean diet. This one relates it to preeclampsia, a disorder that occurs in between 5 and 10% of pregnant women worldwide. This group from Johns Hopkins found a protection from suffering this disorder with a significant odds ratio of 0.74 for those who followed this diet better than those who followed it less. The great novelty of this study is that it was conducted in a racially and ethnically diverse cohort of low-income urban women (Boston Birth Cohort) and specifically demonstrated the benefit of the Mediterranean diet in black women.
In a collaborative study between Ben-Gurion University and Harvard University, they have gone a step further and are not talking about a Mediterranean diet, but a Mediterranean diet higher in polyphenols and lower in red and processed meats (Green-MED). In this 18-month clinical trial they studied the effect of this diet against brain atrophy and neurodegeneration, pointing out its protective role. Specifically, with respect to olive oil, the researchers point out that it is a source of tyrosol with a demonstrated protective effect on the hippocampus against neuroinflammation and its effect on neurogenesis and improvement of spatial memory.

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