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Aging

Mediterranean diet and other dietary patterns in association with biological aging in the Moli-sani Study cohort.

Cancer

Mediterranean Diet Patterns in Relation to Lung Cancer Risk: A Meta-Analysis.

Adherence to five diet quality indices and pancreatic cancer risk in a large US prospective cohort.

Cardiovascular disease

Long-term secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease with a Mediterranean diet and a low-fat diet (CORDIOPREV): a randomised controlled trial

Need of nutritional assessment and monitoring in a population with acquired brain injury: an analytical cross-sectional study.

A cross-sectional survey study on the nutrition patterns of patients with peripheral artery disease.

Risk Factors for Coronary Heart Disease Among Lebanese Women: A Case-Control Study.

Association between Dietary Diversity and All-Cause Mortality: A Multivariable Model in a Mediterranean Population with 18 Years of Follow-Up.

The importance of Mediterranean diet and hydration habitus in patients with lower limb ulcers: A pilot study.

Children and adolescents

Early Life Nutrition and the Role of Complementary Feeding on Later Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Children up to 3 Years of Age.

Does Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Have a Protective Effect against Asthma and Allergies in Children? A Systematic Review.

Effectiveness of an Intervention Programme on Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in a Preschool Child: A Randomised Controlled Trial.

Diabetes

Association between Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: An
Updated Systematic Review and Dose-Response Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies.

Mental health

A Possible Antidepressive Effect of Dietary Interventions: Emergent Findings and Research Challenges.

A mini-flipped, game-based Mediterranean diet learning program on dietary behavior and cognitive function among community-dwelling older adults in Taiwan: A cluster-randomized controlled trial.

Healthy Food Pyramid as Well as Physical and Mental Activity in the Prevention of Alzheimer's Disease.

Non-Alcoholic fatty liver disease

The effect of dietary patterns on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease diagnosed by biopsy or magnetic resonance in adults: a systematic review of randomised controlled trials.

A Low Glycemic Index Mediterranean Diet Combined with Aerobic Physical Activity Rearranges the Gut Microbiota Signature in NAFLD Patients

Olive oil

A Mediterranean-like fat blend protects against the development of severe colitis in the mucin-2 deficient murine model.

Molecular Mechanisms Underlying the Effects of Olive Oil Triterpenic Acids in Obesity and Related Diseases.



Pregnancy and women’s health

Dietary Patterns in Pregnancy and Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress in Mothers and Offspring: The NELA Birth Cohort.

Nuts and Metabolic Syndrome: Reducing the Burden of Metabolic Syndrome in Menopause.

Evaluating Dietary Patterns in Women from Southern Italy and Western Mexico.

Other studies
The impact of nutrition and lifestyle modification on health.

Mediterranean Diet, a Sustainable Cultural Asset

Dose-response relationship between weight loss and improvements in obstructive sleep apnea severity after a diet/lifestyle interventions: secondary analyses of the "MIMOSA" randomized clinical trial.

The Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diet is associated with physical function and grip strength in older men and women.

Other news
https://www.tctmd.com/news/mediterranean-diet-bests-low-fat-secondary-prevention-cordioprev

https://www.insider.com/mediterranean-diet-healthier-for-heart-than-low-fat-diet-study-2022-5

Summary:

In this week's newsletter, we would like to highlight the CARDIOPREV study, a randomized study for secondary cardiovascular prevention with a total of 1002 patients. This study is a large RCT that compared the effects of a Mediterranean diet (with free provision of extra virgin olive oil) versus a low-fat diet, and reported an adjusted HR= 0.719 (95% CI 0.541-0.957) for the primary endpoint (a composite of mayor CV events, including myocardial infarction, revascularization, ischemic stroke, peripheral artery disease and CV death). This study has had an impact on the media, such as the article in the health section highlighting the importance of consuming healthy fats, especially extra virgin olive oil, as opposed to low-fat diets.

In addition, this week we have several studies that link the Mediterranean diet rich in olive oil with a delay in biological aging, as in the case of the Moli-Sani study.
Among other studies on disease prevention, two meta-analyses find a negative association between the Mediterranean diet rich in olive oil and the occurrence of type 2 diabetes, as well as the occurrence of lung cancer. Another review study -this time, a systematic review- found prevention of this type of diet in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

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