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Lifestyle

Changes in a Mediterranean lifestyle during the COVID-19 pandemic among elderly Italians: an analysis of gender and socioeconomic inequalities in the "LOST in Lombardia" study

Eating Behaviors, Depressive Symptoms and Lifestyle in University Students in Poland

Association of modifiable lifestyle factors with plasma branched chain amino acid metabolites in women

Cardiovascular disease

Practical, Evidence-Based Approaches to Nutritional Modifications to Reduce Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease: An American Society For Preventive Cardiology Clinical Practice Statement

Cardiometabolic Health Status, Ethnicity and Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) Disparities in an Adult Population: NutrIMDEA Observational Web-Based Study

Food Patterns of Hospitalized Patients with Heart Failure and Their Relationship with Demographic, Economic and Clinical Factors in Sergipe, Brazil

Mediterranean diet

Association Between Egg Consumption and Dementia Risk in the EPIC-Spain Dementia Cohort

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet is linked to reduced psychopathology in female celiac disease patients

The Paradox of the Mediterranean Diet in Pediatric Age during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Assessing Long-Term Impact of Dietary Interventions on Occurrence of Symptoms

Consistent with Hypoglycemia in Patients without Diabetes: A One-Year Follow-Up Study

The Mediterranean Diet as a Source of Bioactive Molecules with Cannabinomimetic Activity in Prevention and Therapy Strategy

The Mediterranean Diet Protects Renal Function in Older Adults: A Prospective Cohort Study

Exploring the Correlation between Time Management, the Mediterranean Diet, and Physical Activity: A Comparative Study between Spanish and Romanian University Students

The effects of the Green-Mediterranean diet on cardiometabolic health are linked to gut microbiome modifications: a randomized controlled trial

The traditional Mediterranean diet is effective in the prevention and treatment of acute and recurrent inflammatory diseases of childhood

Mediterranean Diet Adherence and Nutritional Status in Dalmatian Diabetic Hypertensive Patients Regarding Presence of Chronic Kidney Disease-Is There Any Difference?

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet in Turkish hospitalized older adults and its association with hospital clinical outcomes

Association of adherence to the Mediterranean diet and physical activity habits with the presence of insomnia in patients with obstructive sleep apnea

Diabetes

Diet quality in association to lipidaemic profile in adults of families at high-risk for type 2 diabetes in Europe: The Feel4Diabetes study

Differential Glycemic Effects of Low- versus High-Glycemic Index Mediterranean-Style Eating Patterns in Adults at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes: The MEDGI-Carb Randomized Controlled Trial

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Is Associated with Better Metabolic Features in Youths with Type 1 Diabetes

Association between daily number of eating occasions with fasting glucose and insulin sensitivity in adults from families at high risk for type 2 diabetes in Europe: the Feel4Diabetes Study

The effects of diet on weight and metabolic outcomes in patients with double diabetes: A systematic review

Children

Adherence to Dietary Recommendations of 7-Year-Old Children from a Birth Cohort in Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy

Diet

The Effect of Dietary Interventions on Hypertriglyceridemia: From Public Health to Molecular Nutrition Evidence

Improvements in Body Composition after a Proposed Anti-Inflammatory Diet Are Modified by Employment Status in Weight-Stable Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis, a Randomized Controlled Crossover Trial

An Evaluation of Probability of Adequate Nutrient Intake (PANDiet) Scores as a Diet Quality Metric in Irish National Food Consumption Data

Multiple health behaviour change primary care intervention for smoking cessation, physical activity and healthy diet in adults 45 to 75 years old (EIRA study): a hybrid effectiveness-implementation cluster randomised trial

Metabolic syndrome

Association between Physical Activity and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Adults with Metabolic Syndrome: The FLIPAN Study

Pregnancy

Longitudinal changes in circulating concentrations of inflammatory markers throughout pregnancy: are there associations with diet and weight status?

Associations Among Food Security, Diet Quality, and Dietary Intake During Pregnancy in a Predominantly African American Group of Women from North Carolina

Other news

Olive oil: Can it lower your risk of dying early?

Why Extra Virgin Olive Oil Is Healthier than Other Oils

Summary:

It is highly recognized that the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) provides beneficial and regulatory effects on non-communicable, dietary related diseases. For patients with type 1 & 2 diabetes (T2D), and chronic kidney disease (CKD) an adequate metabolic control ensures their well-being in addition to lowering their risk of mortality. Such was the focus of six of this week's studies, primarily centered on glycemic control, serum lipids, and renal function in various trials and observational studies.

A special report from the MEDGI-Carb randomized controlled dietary intervention revealed that a dietary intake of low-glycemic index foods within a Mediterranean dietary pattern could reduce glycemic indices in adults with metabolic syndrome features at high risk for T2D. Another dietary intervention based on MedDiet and dietary counseling showed significant improvements in hypoglycemic-like symptoms in the postprandial period.

Abnormal lipid profile is a common feature in patients with T2DM, and an intermediary risk factor for CVD. Between 72-85% of individuals who have T2DM present dyslipidaemia, this greatly differs from the 25-50% of individuals who exhibit increased triglycerides levels within the general population. In patients with T2DM, MedDiet is highly recommended as it might modify serum lipids; an effect partially attributed to its signature intake of olive oil and rich in monounsaturated fatty acids. The Feel4Diabetes study investigated potential associations of diet quality with lipid profile in adults from families at high risk for developing T2D from six European countries. This study suggested that a higher score in an a-priori-defined healthy dietary index, described in the report, was associated with a favorable lipid profile in adults with high socioeconomic status. On the other hand, a cross-sectional study on type 1 diabetes found significant associations between adherence to MedDiet and metabolic control in these patients. Also in this report, extra-virgin olive oil intake was found to be inversely associated with blood pressure in youths.

Finally, impaired kidney function is usually caused by T2D and hypertension, therefore, investigators analyzed data from the Seniors-ENRICA cohort after 6.5 years of follow-up. Higher adherence to the MedDiet measured by the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS) was associated with a significantly lower risk of renal function decline compared with low adherence. In conclusion, these studies suggest that MedDiet as a healthy eating pattern contributed to improving blood sugar and glycemic control, but also kidney function. Benefits were conferred to their plant-based composition, and the use of olive oil as the main culinary fat.

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