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Children and adolescents

Healthy lifestyles and physical fitness are associated with abdominal obesity among Latin-American and Spanish preschool children: A cross-cultural study.

Quality of life related to health and habits: Differences between adolescents in rural and urban environments.

The association between modifiable lifestyle behaviour in Latin-American schoolchildren with abdominal obesity and excess weight. A comparison of Chile and Colombia.

Diet Quality Scores and Cardiometabolic Risk Factors in Mexican Children and Adolescents: A Longitudinal Analysis.

Impact of Mediterranean Diet Food Choices and Physical Activity on Serum Metabolic Profile in Healthy Adolescents: Findings from the DIMENU Project.

Determinants of Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Spanish Children and Adolescents: The PASOS Study.

Urinary metabolic biomarkers of diet quality in European children are associated with metabolic health.

Olive oil components

Edible oils from olive drupes as a source of bioactive pentacyclic triterpenes. Is there a prospect for a health claim authorization?

The intake of flavonoids, stilbenes, and tyrosols, mainly consumed through red wine and virgin olive oil, is associated with lower carotid and femoral subclinical atherosclerosis and coronary calcium.

Effects of Olive Oil and Its Components on Intestinal Inflammation and Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Mental health

Adherence to Mediterranean Diet and Depressive Symptomatology among Boston area Puerto Ricans.

Adherence to the MIND dietary pattern and sleep quality, sleep related outcomes and mental health in male adults: a cross-sectional study.

COVID-19

Changes in the Lifestyle of the Spanish University Population during Confinement for COVID-19.

Gendered Impacts of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Food Behaviors in North Africa: Cases of Egypt, Morocco, and Tunisia.

Gut microbiota

The Impact of a Mediterranean Diet on the Gut Microbiome in Healthy Human Subjects: A Pilot Study.

The Gut Microbiome Modifies the Association Between a Mediterranean Diet and Diabetes in USA Hispanic/ Latino Population.

Mortality

Association of Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet with All-Cause Mortality in Subjects with Heart Failure.

Association of healthy lifestyle and all-cause mortality according to medication burden.

Glaucoma

Healthy Lifestyle Score and Incidence of Glaucoma: The Sun Project.

Environment

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and its association with environmental footprints among women of childbearing age in the United Arab Emirates.

Kidney

Long-term consumption of a mediterranean diet or a low-fat diet on kidney function in coronary heart disease patients: The CORDIOPREV randomized controlled trial.

Others

Diet quality and exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals among US adults.

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and its association with environmental footprints among women of childbearing age in the United Arab Emirates.

Why and How the Indo-Mediterranean Diet May Be Superior to Other Diets: The Role of Antioxidants in the Diet.

Benefits of the Mediterranean Diet-Wine Association: The Role of Ingredients.

Egg Consumption and Blood Lipid Parameters According to the Presence of Chronic Metabolic Disorders: The EVIDENT II Study.

Basic research

Diets Rich in Olive Oil, Palm Oil, or Lard Alter Mitochondrial Biogenesis and Mitochondrial Membrane Composition in Rat Liver.

Olive Oil Improves While Trans Fatty Acids Further Aggravate the Hypomethylation of LINE-1 Retrotransposon DNA in an Environmental Carcinogen Model.

Comparative Evaluation of the Phytochemical Profiles and Antioxidant Potentials of Olive Leaves from 32 Cultivars Grown in China.

Comparative Evaluation of Different Targeted and Untargeted Analytical Approaches to Assess Greek Extra Virgin Olive Oil Quality and Authentication.

Characterisation of Endogenous Peptides Present in Virgin Olive Oil.



Summary:

The Mediterranean lifestyle, an extension of the broadly recommended Mediterranean diet, was just recently associated with new beneficial properties for health. One of this week's studies, has found within the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) cohort that this beneficial lifestyle exerts a protective effect against glaucoma. Based on the SUN Healthy Lifestyle Score, it was found that the conjunction of 10 key healthy features identified by the researchers in this work was associated with a 48% lower risk of glaucoma. From these estimates, the mediterranean diet contributed with an 8.2% of the risk reduction within the score.

What is behind all these benefits? Undoubtedly, the polyphenol content of the Mediterranean diet is a key factor and as such it was the focus of another of this week's articles. In it, the group of investigators found that polyphenol content, more specifically flavonoids, stilbenes, and tyrosols, measured in blood was associated with a lower prevalence of subclinical atherosclerosis; a critical mediator in the occurrence of cardiovascular events. This article also points out the main sources of polyphenols in the diet, two of which are typical of the Mediterranean diet: red wine and virgin olive oil.

Adding to the already substantial health benefits of olive oil and the Mediterranean diet, a research conducted in the United Arab Emirates highlights the inverse relationship between the environmental footprint of a diet (measuring water use, energy use, and greenhouse gas emissions) and adherence to the Mediterranean diet. This study was carried out on a group of women of childbearing age. Also on this week’s list of notable articles, a great number of which were carried out on children and adolescents, was that from the DIMENU project, in which they conclude that the Mediterranean diet led to a better lipid and glycemic profile in healthy adolescents, an association that benefited from the practice of physical activity; on the other hand, the PASOS study, which evaluated the determinants that led to a better adherence to the Mediterranean diet. This final report found that reaching the recommended levels of physical activity and screen time, a higher maternal educational level, and a healthier maternal lifestyles were all related to healthier teens. It is safe to say that it is never too early to prevent future diseases. For this aim, the Mediterranean diet and lifestyle are spearheading the fight, with scientific support, for health in adults and children alike.

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