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Body weight and metabolic health

Dietary determinants of healthy/unhealthy metabolic phenotype in individuals with normal weight or overweight/obesity: a systematic review.

Association of dietary patterns with obesity and metabolically healthy obesity phenotype in Chinese population: a cross-sectional analysis of China Multi-Ethnic Cohort Study.

Civilians Have Higher Adherence and More Improvements in Health with a Mediterranean Diet and Circuit Training Program Compared to Firefighters.


Mediterranean dietary pattern and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies.

Cardiovascular disease

Mediterranean Diet Reduces Atherosclerosis Progression in Coronary Heart Disease: An Analysis of the CORDIOPREV Randomized Controlled Trial.


Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Successful aging in Greeks living in Greece and abroad: the epidemiological Mediterranean Islands Study (MEDIS).


Delving the role of nutritional psychiatry to mitigate the COVID-19 pandemic induced stress, anxiety and depression.


Assessment of the Methodology That Is Used to Determine the Nutritional Sustainability of the Mediterranean Diet-A Scoping Review.

Basic research

Investigation of the Genotoxic, Cytotoxic, Apoptotic, and Oxidant Effects of Olive Leaf Extracts on Liver Cancer Cell Lines.

Other news

Olive oil consumption lowers the risk of premature death

Green MedDiet Can Slow Brain Atrophy Among Over-50s


Obesity is closely related to the development of various metabolic and chronic diseases such as insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, hypertension, inflammation, metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes, all of which increase the risk of premature death.
In some instances, a ‘normal’ body mass index (BMI established between 18 and 25 kg/m²) can be accompanied by metabolic abnormalities that are similar to those observed in people who have obesity. This profile is classified as a “metabolically obese normal weight” phenotype. Said metabolic phenotypes can therefore range from metabolically obese normal weight, to metabolically healthy overweight/obesity. Recognizing that nutritional factors were determinant of these phenotypes, a systematic review, aimed to gather the available evidence on nutritional and dietary factors and their contributions to metabolic heterogeneity in people with obesity or normal weight. Healthy dietary patterns such as the Mediterranean diet pattern, dietary patterns to stop hypertension or dietary patterns with a high consumption of fruits and vegetables are associated with a higher probability of having healthy metabolic phenotypes. Amongst the many properties of the mediterranean diet and similarly healthy diets, are their high content of Vitamin C, fiber,magnesium, calcium and antioxidants; mainly found in olive oil, fruits, and vegetables. Additionally, these healthful dietary patterns are characterized for their low content of saturated fats, and total cholesterol, which also contribute to the improvement of the cardiometabolic profile.
According to the literature, the nutritional factors that have the greatest impact on the phenotype are the intake of fruits, vegetables, dairy products, coffee, tea and a considerable intake of vitamin D, magnesium and flavonoids, while excessive consumption of saturated fats, and simple carbohydrates, such as those found in sugary drinks and ultra-processed foods increase the risk of unhealthy metabolic phenotypes.

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