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Obesity

Normal-Weight Obesity Is Associated with Poorer Cardiometabolic Profile and Lower Physical Fitness Levels in Children and Adolescents.

Risk Factors Associated with Cardiac Autonomic Modulation in Obese Individuals.

Cardiovascular and metabolic syndrome

[Metabolic control, cardiovascular profile, and adherence to the Mediterranean diet in a familial hypercholesterolemia cohort in a Public Health Program].

Intermittent Fasting: A Heart Healthy Dietary Pattern?

Dietary Factors and Risks of Cardiovascular Diseases: An Umbrella Review.

Is Extra Virgin Olive Oil an Ally for Women’s and Men’s Cardiovascular Health?

The Association between Salt Taste Perception, Mediterranean Diet and Metabolic Syndrome: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Effects of Acute Dietary Polyphenols and Post-Meal Physical Activity on Postprandial Metabolism in Adults with Features of the Metabolic Syndrome.

Mediterranean pattern

Adherence to a plant-based, high-fibre dietary pattern is related to regression of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in an elderly population.

Dietary Patterns Based on Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate and Kidney Function Decline in the General Population: The Lifelines Cohort Study.

Children and youth people

Mediterranean diet adherence and weight status among Sicilian Middle school adolescents.

Preconception diet, fertility, and later health in pregnancy.

Neurodegenerative diseases and elderly

Self-reported health behaviors and longitudinal cognitive performance in late middle age: Results from the Wisconsin Registry for Alzheimer's Prevention.

The effects of Mediterranean diet on severity of disease and serum Total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC) in patients with Parkinson's disease: a single center, randomized controlled trial.

Basic research

Thermal oxidation assessment of Italian extra virgin olive oil using an UltraViolet (UV) induced fluorescence imaging system.

Healthspan Maintenance and Prevention of Parkinson's-like Phenotypes with Hydroxytyrosol and Oleuropein Aglycone in C. elegans.

Table Olives: An Overview on Effects of Processing on Nutritional and Sensory Quality.

Other news

https://www.mercacei.com/noticia/52597/actualidad/miguel-angel-martinez-coautor-de-predimed:-es-curioso-comprobar-que-los-estudios-realizados-en-espana-sobre-el-aove-son-mas-conocidos-en-eeuu.html?fbclid=IwAR1fXhE28I59DVLdhADUq-nZrrzYKoJM3meg89PZE3NTYCGo4G6KD42buKg

https://www.oliveoiltimes.com/production/eu-olive-oil-production-estimates-released/81299

https://www.oliveoiltimes.com/world/judging-underway-8th-nyiooc/81319
https://www.theguardian.com/world/2020/apr/13/olive-oil-industry-under-increasing-threat-from-olive-leprosy


Summary:

Today chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes mellitus (DM), are the principal causes of deaths worldwide. Olive oil and the Mediterranean diet are well-known for their cardioprotective benefits, which has led to numerous experimental and clinical trials. Nevertheless, this review discusses the limitations of these clinical studies, including the need for greater heterogeneity: with low-risk populations, extra-Mediterranean people, and long-term interventions. Furthermore, it reported a sex bias, highlighting a need for more female animals in basic research and a presence of both sexes in clinical trials.

Obesity is increasing among the youth and, as it was observed in this cross-sectional study, it is associated with a decreased adherence to the Mediterranean diet in Mediterranean countries. The investigators evaluated body weight and adherence using the KIDMED index among Italian adolescents. The results suggested a positive relationship between higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet and normal weight, especially among those who played sports. Moreover, low adherence represented almost 60% of the adolescent participants and was associated with overweight and obesity. This study places the importance of promoting the Mediterranean dietary pattern to overcome youth obesity.

Another population studied in relation to the Mediterranean diet was the elderly, specifically looking for evidence of its benefits on neurodegenerative and chronic diseases. A clinical trial in an elderly European population studied the changes in plasmatic levels of iron and selenium. Lower levels were associated with anemia, which is a common disease and a risk factor for other dietary deficiencies. This study evaluated the bioavailability of these nutrients after following a Mediterranean dietary pattern for one year. It was observed that an increase in iron and selenium consumption was not associated with a decrease in the plasma iron and selenium status.
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