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Lifestyle

Nurse-led telephone intervention for lifestyle changes on glycaemic control in people with prediabetes: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Dietary patterns

Novel application of nutritional biomarkers from a controlled feeding study and observational study toward dietary pattern characterization in postmenopausal women.

The Southern European Atlantic Diet and all-cause mortality in older adults.

Dietary patterns and biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation: A systematic review of observational and intervention studies.

Mediterranen diet

Mediterranean Diet is Associated with Reduced Risk of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm in Smokers: Results of Two Prospective Cohort Studies.

Effects of Mediterranean Diet on plasma metabolites and their relationship with insulin resistance and gut microbiota composition in a crossover randomized clinical trial.

Perception of loneliness, happiness, and health, and quality of diet (assessed using the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index). The moderator role of weight status.

Erosion of the Mediterranean diet among adolescents: evidence from an Eastern Mediterranean Country.

Study Protocol of a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial to Tackle Obesity through a Mediterranean Diet vs. a Traditional Low-Fat Diet in Adolescents: The MED4Youth Study.



Metabolic syndrome

Beneficial effects of dietary supplementation with olive oil, oleic acid, or hydroxytyrosol in metabolic syndrome: systematic review and meta-analysis

Cardiovascular disease

Mediterranean Diet and cardio-vascular health: an historical perspective
Effects of Virgin Olive Oil on Blood Pressure and Renal Aminopeptidase Activities in Male Wistar Rats.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Dietary Treatment for NAFLD: New Clinical and Epidemiological Evidence and Updated Recommendations.

Cognition

Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Associations Between Adherence to Mediterranean Diet with Physical Performance and Cognitive Function in Older Adults: A Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis.

Bioactive compounds

Levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in edible and fried vegetable oil: a health risk assessment study.

Effects of omega-3 supplementation on muscle damage after resistance exercise in young women: a randomized placebo-controlled trial.

Olive leaf extract prevents obesity, cognitive decline, and depression and improves exercise capacity in mice.

Microbial Application to Improve Olive Mill Wastewater Phenolic Extracts.

Natural Compound from Olive Oil Inhibits S100A9 Amyloid Formation and Cytotoxicity: Implications for Preventing Alzheimer's Disease.

Other news

Award-Winning Producers Optimistic As Olive Oil Culture Takes Root in Japan

Record Year for French Producers at World Olive Oil Competition

New Study Finds Olive Oil Enhances The Flavor of Red Wine

Summary:

The Mediterranean Diet (MedDiet) is known to decrease the cardiometabolic risk through modulation of metabolic pathways. However, the interplay between MedDiet, metabolites and microbial metabolism is not yet fully understood. A new crossover randomized clinical trial aimed to evaluate the effect of the MedDiet compared to nuts supplementation on circulating metabolites and their relationship with cardiometabolic health, and examine whether changes in the metabolomic profiles were associated with changes in gut microbiota composition. Findings showed that changes in 65 circulating metabolites were significantly associated with the MedDiet (mainly lipids, acylcarnitines, amino acids, steroids and tricarboxylic acid intermediates). Importantly, these changes were associated with decreases in glucose, insulin and Homeostatic Model Assessment of Insulin Resistance (HOMA-IR). Two main clusters of bacteria were also identified, with an opposite behaviour towards selected metabolites. Therefore, following a MedDiet, rather than consuming nuts in the context of a non-MedDiet, was associated with a specific plasma metabolomic profile, which was also related to metabolic improvements in adults with metabolic syndrome (MetS). The identified correlated network between specific bacteria and metabolites suggests interplay between diet, circulating metabolites and gut microbiota.

Olive oil and its components have also shown a beneficial effect on MetS. A new review and meta-analysis was conducted to assess whether those effects are related to hydroxytyrosol or oleic acid contents, or the combination of them as olive oil, and how powerful is this effect. Findings suggest that olive oil or oleic acid consumption are as good as the other strategies to manage MetS, although evidence is stronger for olive oil consumption as part of the MedDiet.

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