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Beyond Mediterranean Diet

Mediterranean diet as intangible heritage of humanity: 10 years on.

Mediterranean Diet: The Need for Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives.

Neurology

Mind Diet Adherence and Cognitive Performance in the Framingham Heart Study.

Nutrition Module Design in Maintain Your Brain: An internet-based randomized controlled trial to prevent cognitive decline and dementia.

Lipid Intake and Neurodevelopment in Preterm Infants.

Cognitive Impairment in Parkinson's Disease: Epidemiology, Clinical Profile, Protective and Risk Factors.

Polyphenols

Dietary Polyphenol Intake Is Associated with Biological Aging, a Novel Predictor of Cardiovascular Disease: Cross-Sectional Findings from the Moli-Sani Study.

Gynecology

Healthy dietary patterns and common pregnancy complications: a prospective and longitudinal study.

Diet and Nutrition in Gynecological Disorders: A Focus on Clinical Studies.

Obesity and body composition

Diets and drugs for weight loss and health in obesity - An update.

Influence of Mediterranean Diet Adherence and Physical Activity on Bone Health in Celiac Children on a Gluten-Free Diet.

Study Protocol of a Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial to Tackle Obesity through a Mediterranean Diet vs. a Traditional Low-Fat Diet in Adolescents: The MED4Youth Study.

Cancer

Diet Quality and Risk of Lung Cancer in the Multiethnic Cohort Study.

Dietary patterns

Mediterranean, DASH, and Alternate Healthy Eating Index Dietary Patterns and Risk of Death in the Physicians' Health Study.

Self-Reported Diet and Health Outcomes of Participants of the CCSVI-Tracking Survey Study.

Effectiveness of a Multicomponent Intervention in Primary Care That Addresses Patients with Diabetes Mellitus with Two or More Unhealthy Habits, Such as Diet, Physical Activity or Smoking: Multicenter Randomized Cluster Trial (EIRA Study).

Time-Restricted Feeding and Metabolic Outcomes in a Cohort of Italian Adults.

COVID-19 Lockdown

Self-Perceived Physical Activity and Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Healthy Adolescents during COVID-19: Findings from the DIMENU Pilot Study.

Children's Health Habits and COVID-19 Lockdown in Catalonia: Implications for Obesity and Non-Communicable Diseases.

Western Dietary Pattern Antioxidant Intakes and Oxidative Stress: Importance During the SARS-CoV-2/COVID-19 Pandemic.

Others
Influence of Psychological Biomarkers on Therapeutic Adherence by Patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Moderated Mediation Model.

Olive oil-based lipid emulsion is noninferior to soybean oil-based lipid emulsion in the acute care setting: A double-blind randomized controlled trial.

Basic research

Effects of Virgin Olive Oil on Blood Pressure and Renal Aminopeptidase Activities in Male Wistar Rats.

Other news

Claves para elegir aceite de oliva

Olive oil consumption and longevity



Summary:

Among this week's articles we wanted to highlight a review of Antonia Trichopoulou, also known as the "mother of the Mediterranean diet", on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the inclusion of this diet in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. This recognition has undoubtedly contributed to positioning the Mediterranean diet and olive oil, its most representative component, on the international scene. In this article, Trichopoulou discusses the future of research in the context of this diet, which should include new aspects such as sustainability. In this respect, she also discusses the cultivation of olive trees and the impact they can have in this respect. In the same vein, the Director of the UNESCO Chair in Food, Culture and Development speaks of the need for interdisciplinary perspectives in future research on this diet, from which the whole of humanity can benefit.
Meanwhile, research into the health benefits of this diet continues to progress. This week we can highlight several articles that talk about its neurological benefits. One of them assesses cognitive performance in the Framingham Heart Study based on adherence to the MIND diet (Mediterranean-DASH for neurodegenerative delay). This diet is derived from the Mediterranean diet and includes 15 points, one of which is precisely the use of olive oil as the main cooking fat. This study concludes that higher MIND diet scores are associated with better cognitive performance and higher total brain volume, but that clinical trials are needed to determine whether adoption of the MIND diet affects trajectories of cognitive decline. It is precisely along these lines that the Maintain Your Brain (MYB) trial aims to advance.
One of the mechanisms that may explain the neurological benefits of the Mediterranean diet is its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant power. As another paper points out, this is largely mediated by dietary polyphenols. This study evaluates the dietary intake of polyphenols provided by different foods, including extra virgin olive oil, and relates it to biological ageing. Cognitive impairment is mentioned as a marker of ageing, but is not explored in depth. In any case, the results of this Mediterranean cohort indicate that a diet rich in polyphenols is associated with slowed biological ageing, a new predictor of cardiovascular disease risk.

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