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Lifestyle

The heterogeneity of reversion to normoglycemia according to prediabetes type is not explained by lifestyle factors.

How Healthy Are Health-Related Behaviors in University Students: The HOLISTic Study.

Dietary patterns

Dietary Patterns are Differentially Associated with Atypical and Melancholic Subtypes of Depression.

Mediterranen diet

Household food spending, parental and childhood's diet quality, in financial crisis: a cross-sectional study in Greece.

Plasma Amino Acids and Risk of Impaired Lower-Extremity Function and Role of Dietary Intake: A Nested Case-Control Study in Older Adults.

Does the neighbourhood food environment contribute to ethnic differences in diet quality? Results from the HELIUS study in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in a School Population in the Principality of Asturias (Spain): Relationship with Physical Activity and Body Weight.

Adherence to Mediterranean Diet and Selected Lifestyle Elements among Young Women with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus from Northeast Poland: A Case-Control COVID-19 Survey.

Maternal Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet during Pregnancy: A Review of Commonly Used a priori Indexes.

Consumption Preferences of Pulses in the Diet of Polish People: Motives and Barriers to Replace Animal Protein with Vegetable Protein.

The Mediterranean Diet in Osteoporosis Prevention: An Insight in a Peri- and Post-Menopausal Population.

Mediterranean Diet Maintained Platelet Count within a Healthy Range and Decreased Thrombocytopenia-Related Mortality Risk: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Covid 19

An Italian Survey on Dietary Habits and Changes during the COVID-19 Lockdown.

Metabolic syndrome

Impact of the Level of Adherence to Mediterranean Diet on the Parameters of Metabolic Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies.

Association between the Mediterranean Diet and Metabolic Syndrome with Serum Levels of miRNA in Morbid Obesity.

Cardiovascular disease

Olive Oil Intake and Cardiovascular Disease Prevention: "Seek and You Shall Find".

Diet Quality and Long-Term Absolute Risks for Incident Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality.

Diabetes

Bioactive Compounds Effective Against Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review.

Baseline characteristics and quality of life in patients with Diabetes Mellitus included in the EIRA randomized clinical trial.

Effect of extra virgin olive oil consumption on glycemic control: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Association between Dietary Patterns and Serum Hepatic Enzyme Levels in Adults with Dyslipidemia and Impaired Fasting Plasma Glucose.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Is the Mediterranean Diet the Best Approach to NAFLD Treatment Today?

Alzheimer

Mediterranean Diet, Alzheimer Disease Biomarkers and Brain Atrophy in Old Age.

Cognition

Dietary Phenolic Acids and Their Major Food Sources Are Associated with Cognitive Status in Older Italian Adults.

Effect of physical exercise and diet based interventions on the evolution of cognitive impairment to dementia in subjects older than 45 years. A systematic review.

Microbiota

Diet-Derived Antioxidants and Their Role in Inflammation, Obesity and Gut Microbiota Modulation.

Bioactive compounds

Mediterranean Diet, Brain and Muscle: Olive Polyphenols and Resveratrol Protection in Neurodegenerative and Neuromuscular Disorders.

Thyroid-Modulating Activities of Olive and Its Polyphenols: A Systematic Review.
Coulometrically determined antioxidant capacity (CDAC) as a possible parameter to categorize extra virgin olive oil.

Other news

La dieta mediterránea, con el aceite de oliva como protagonista, reduce el riesgo de Covid-19 un 64%
Los fitoquímicos en el aceite de oliva ayudan a prevenir una variedad de enfermedades, según un estudio
Esta es otra de las razones por las que es beneficioso consumir aceite de oliva, según expertos

Summary:

A new analysis from the the PREDIMED (PREvención con DIeta MEDiterránea) study assessed whether an intervention with a MedDiet enriched with extra-virgin olive oil or nuts, compared to a low-fat control diet, modulated platelet count, the risk of developing thrombocytosis and thrombocytopenia, and the association between these alterations and all-cause mortality. The findings suggested that the MedDiet contributed to maintaining platelet counts within normal range in an older population at high cardiovascular risk. In particular, participants following a MedDiet supplemented with EVOO experienced a lower risk of thrombocytopenia, but not thrombocytosis, in comparison to the control group. Furthermore, individuals who developed thrombocytopenia in either intervention group did not experience an increased risk of mortality relative to those without this condition. Although levels of platelets and related consequences are traditionally addressed by pharmacological treatments, this is the first intervention study that sheds light on the protective effect of a healthy diet on the development of low platelet count and associated mortality.

On another note, it is well established that healthy lifestyle interventions (including high adherence to MedDiet) have a positive preventative influence on euglycemia in patients with prediabetes; a factor which prevents the eventual onset of type 2 diabetes. However, little is known on the specific role that lifestyle factors play on the reversion to normal glycemia according to the type of prediabetes. Findings from a new study in a prospective cohort of individuals with prediabetes followed up by primary care physicians in Spain show that reversion to euglycemia after three years of follow-up was almost four times higher in subjects with isolated impaired glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and five times higher in subjects with isolated impaired fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels. Although the authors conclude that lifestyle factors in general did not determine a reversion to normoglycemia, those with a high MedDiet adherence were 78% more likely to achieve this goal. This suggests that FPG and HbA1c levels may be key determinants for the regression to normal glycaemia more so than lifestyle factors in subjects with prediabetes. Further studies evaluating the role of optimal lifestyles in prognostic results, among subjects with different classifications of prediabetes, will be very useful to harmonize definitions on prediabetes subtypes and initiate treatment earlier to improve patient outcomes.

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