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Lifestyle

Effects of lifestyle interventions on epigenetic signatures of liver fat: CENTRAL randomized controlled trial

The Mediterranean lifestyle (MEDLIFE) index and metabolic syndrome in a non-Mediterranean working population

Adherence to Mediterranean Diet and Selected Lifestyle Elements among Young Women with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus from Northeast Poland: A Case-Control COVID-19 Survey

Well-Being and the Lifestyle Habits of the Spanish Population: The Association between Subjective Well-Being and Eating Habits

Dietary Intake and Lifestyle Habits of Children Aged 10-12 Years Enrolled in the School Lunch Program in Greece: A Cross Sectional Analysis

Covid 19

Mediterranean diet and the risk of COVID-19 in the 'Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra' cohort

An Italian Survey on Dietary Habits and Changes during the COVID-19 Lockdown

Diabetes

Ultra-processed foods and type-2 diabetes risk in the SUN project: A prospective cohort study

Mediterranean Diet and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus: A Perpetual Inspiration for the Scientific World. A Review

A Pilot Study on the Metabolic Impact of Mediterranean Diet in Type 2 Diabetes: Is Gut Microbiota the Key?

Cancer
Diet Quality and Breast Cancer Recurrence and Survival: The Pathways Study

Mediterranean Diet Implementation to Protect against Advanced Lung Cancer Index (ALI) Rise: Study Design and Preliminary Results of a Randomised Controlled Trial

Dietary habits

Association between Dietary Habits and Fecal Microbiota Composition in Irritable Bowel Syndrome Patients: A Pilot Study

Dietary patterns

Foods, Nutrients and Dietary Patterns in Relation to Irrational Beliefs and Related Psychological Disorders: The ATTICA Epidemiological Study

Evolution of the Dietary Patterns Across Nutrition Transition in the Sardinian Longevity Blue Zone and Association with Health Indicators in the Oldest Old

Association between Mediterranean Dietary Pattern and Breakfast Quality with Physical Fitness in School Children: The HIIT Project

Health Promotion

Enabling Food Environment in Kindergartens and Schools in Iran for Promoting Healthy Diet: Is It on the Right Track?

A Combined Multidisciplinary Intervention for Health Promotion in the Workplace: A Pilot Study

EWHETA (Eat Well for a HEalthy Third Age) Project: novel foods to improve the nutrition in the elderly people

Fertility

The Role of Resveratrol in Human Male Fertility

Mediterranen diet

Nutrient Intake during Pregnancy and Adherence to Dietary Recommendations: The Mediterranean PHIME Cohort

Persistent Moderate-to-Weak Mediterranean Diet Adherence and Low Scoring for Plant-Based Foods across Several Southern European Countries: Are We Overlooking the Mediterranean Diet Recommendations?

Cardiorespiratory Fitness as Mediator of the Relationship of Recreational Screen Time on Mediterranean Diet Score in Schoolchildren

Adherence to Mediterranean Diet among Lebanese University Students

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet and Determinants Among Pregnant Women: The NELA Cohort

Relationship between Mediterranean Diet Adherence and Saliva Composition

Unexpected Effects on Some Spanish Cultural Landscapes of the Mediterranean Diet

Impact of the Mass Media on Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, Psychological Well-Being and Physical Activity. Structural Equation Analysis

Mediterranean-Style Diet and Birth Outcomes in an Urban, Multiethnic, and Low-Income US Population

Mediterranean diet and lung function, sensitization, and asthma at school age: the PARIS cohort

[Eating habits and diet quality in university students ofteaching in relation to their adherence to the mediterranean diet]

Obesity

Unhealthy Diet Pattern Mediates the Disproportionate Prevalence of Obesity among Adults with Socio-Economic Disadvantage: An Australian Representative Cross-Sectional Study

Healthy Lifestyle Intervention and Weight Loss Improve Cardiovascular Dysfunction in Children with Obesity

Association of a Mediterranean Diet and Fruit and Vegetable Consumption with Subjective Well-Being among Adults with Overweight and Obesity

Obesity, Mediterranean Diet, and Public Health: A Vision of Obesity in the Mediterranean Context from a Sociocultural Perspective

Sixteen Weeks of Supplementation with a Nutritional Quantity of a Diversity of Polyphenols from Foodstuff Extracts Improves the Health-Related Quality of Life of Overweight and Obese Volunteers: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Parallel Clinical Trial

Alzheimer

Precision Nutrition for Alzheimer's Prevention in ApoE4 Carriers

Microbiota

Consumption of soybean or olive oil at recommended concentrations increased the intestinal microbiota diversity and insulin sensitivity and prevented fatty liver compared to the effects of coconut oil

Other news

Olive Oil Conquers the Plant-Based Dessert

Tips for Selecting High-Polyphenol Olive Oils



Summary:

Research has consistently shown that the Mediterranean diet is effective in reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases, asthma, and certain cancers. However, to date, no epidemiological study has evaluated the association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and the incidence of COVID-19. A recent analysis from the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) cohort has shed light on this potential association observing a higher adherence to this dietary pattern was associated with a lower subsequent risk of COVID-19, particularly, among non-healthcare professionals. Biological mechanisms that could explain such protection include immune-enhancing and anti-inflammatory effects, lower glycemic index, and lower cholesterol levels.

The Mediterranean diet is accompanied by other key aspects of the Mediterranean culture, including an environment which fosters socialization, physical activity, a short nap or “siesta” after meals, traditional recipes, and culinary practices. All these elements and behaviors best characterize the adoption of a traditional Mediterranean lifestyle. Epidemiologic studies have started to evaluate the joint health effect of multiple health behaviors and biological cardiovascular risk factors combined into a single predefined score. In this sense, a Mediterranean lifestyle (MEDLIFE) index score was developed and validated in a Spanish working population and has been used in both Mediterranean and non-Mediterranean populations. In fact, regarding the latter group, a new cross-sectional analysis in 249 US career firefighters showed that a higher adherence to traditional Mediterranean lifestyle habits, as measured by the MEDLIFE index, was associated with a decreased prevalence of metabolic syndrome. Moreover, among the metabolic syndrome components, MEDLIFE was inversely associated with abdominal obesity and hypertriglyceridemia, as well as total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and total-c:HDL cholesterol ratio, which favors a more beneficial cardiometabolic profile.

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