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Cardiovascular disease

Impact of Mediterranean Diet prior to Stroke on the Prognosis of Patients Undergoing Endovascular Treatment

Metabolomic Biomarkers of Healthy Dietary Patterns and Cardiovascular Outcomes.

Dietary Management of Type 2 Diabetes in the MENA Region: A Review of the Evidence.

Mediterranean Diet and Physical Activity Decrease the Initiation of Cardiovascular Drug Use in High Cardiovascular Risk Individuals: A Cohort Study.

Twelve-Week Mediterranean Diet Intervention Increases Citrus Bioflavonoid Levels and Reduces Inflammation in People with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Diet quality indices, genetic risk and risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality: a
longitudinal analysis of 77 004 UK Biobank participants.

High Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet Is Associated with a Reduced Risk of Obesity among Adults in Gulf Countries.

Low Mediterranean Diet scores are associated with reduced kidney function and health related quality of life but not other markers of cardiovascular risk in adults with diabetes and chronic kidney disease.

Frailty

Association of Adherence to the Mediterranean-Style Diet with Lower Frailty Index in Older Adults.

Immunity

Link between Viral Infections, Immune System, Inflammation and Diet.

Mental health

Associations of Dietary Patterns with Incident Depression: The Maastricht Study.

Microbiota

Adherence to a Supplemented Mediterranean Diet Drives Changes in the Gut Microbiota of HIV-1-Infected Individuals.

Physical activity and sports

Mediterranean Diet Adherence, Body Composition and Performance in Beach Handball Players: A Cross Sectional Study.

Physical Activity and Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet among Spanish Employees in a Health-Promotion Program before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic: The Sanitas-Healthy Cities Challenge.

Association of adherence to the Mediterranean diet and physical activity habits with the presence of insomnia in patients with obstructive sleep apnea.

Others

High Fruit and Vegetable Consumption and Moderate Fat Intake Are Associated with Higher Carotenoid Concentration in Human Plasma.

Effect of Gazpacho, Hummus and Ajoblanco on Satiety and Appetite in Adult Humans: A Randomised Crossover Study.

Family Meals, Conviviality, and the Mediterranean Diet among Families with Adolescents.

Basic research

Antimicrobial properties of olive oil phenolic compounds and their regenerative capacity towards fibroblast cells.

Other news

https://www.oliveoiltimes.com/business/nutri-score-not-required-for-spanish-olive-oil/90279

https://www.olimerca.com/noticiadet/el-beneficio-de-la-dieta-mediterranea-en-el-entorno-familiar/d5176b4bf777b14e5aecc52256624e91

Summary:

High adherence to the Mediterranean Diet (MD) combined with physical activity (PA) have been widely studied as protective factors for cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality. A recent study in participants from the well-known PREDIMED trial evaluated the association between adherence to the MD plus exercise and an earlier initiation of cardiovascular medication. The authors concluded there was an inverse association between adherence to the MD and initiation of hypoglycemic, hypocholesterolemic, antihypertensive and cardiovascular drugs. Polymedication is common among patients with chronic diseases, and is associated with a reduced quality of life in these patients, in addition to their undermining effect on health-care systems. Hence the importance of studies that provide evidence for an effective dietary alternative to delay the need for medication or polypharmacy to treat these diseases. In this same line, another observational study evaluated the impact of the MD and its components on the risk of stroke in patients undergoing endovascular treatment. The results suggest that the consumption of some MD components, such as olive oil as the main source of fat or the daily consumption of wine with meals, are associated with a better prognosis in patients who have suffered a previous stroke.
In recent years, studies on the MD in relation to other less explored areas, such HIV-infected patients, have increased. One such clinical trial evaluated the effect on the microbiota of patients with HIV who had been randomized to a MD supplemented with EVOO or to continue with their usual diet (control group). The authors observed that after only 12 weeks of intervention, the MD activated metabolites with known immune function and changed the composition of the gut microbiota with predominance from bacterial strain such as Bifidobacterium, which are known to be especially beneficial in immunocompromised patients. Finally, new research has focused on the impact of COVID-19 on lifestyle. A recent study in Spanish workers participating in the Sanitas-Healthy Cities Challenge assessed the influence of the pandemic on PA levels and diet quality based on their adherence to the MD. After continuous promotion of healthy habits before and during the pandemic, the study concluded that workers had increased their sedentary behaviors, while simultaneously increasing PA intensity. In addition, MD adherence significantly improved, most likely due to an increase in the available time for cooking and planning meals. Even though working from home had a positive impact on diet, companies should promote engaging in activities to reduce sedentary behaviours and remaining physically active.

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