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Type 2 diabetes

Associations of Total Legume, Pulse, and Soy Consumption with Incident Type 2 Diabetes: Federated Meta-Analysis of 27 Studies from Diverse World Regions.

Cardiovascular disease

Longitudinal association of dietary fat intake with cardiovascular events in a prospective cohort study in Eastern Mediterranean region.
Diet quality in an ethnically diverse population of older men in Australia.

Inflammation

Dietary patterns and associations with biomarkers of inflammation in adults: a systematic review of observational studies.
Anthropometric variables as mediators of the association of changes in diet and physical activity with inflammatory profile.

Oral health

Association between periodontitis and the Mediterranean diet in young Moroccan individuals.

Children

[Clinical effect of multi-oil fat emulsion for parenteral nutrition support in extremely low birth weight infants].

Maternal diet in pregnancy is associated with differences in child body mass index trajectories from birth to adolescence.

Other news

https://www.europeanscientist.com/en/article-of-the-week/will-nutriscore-founder-on-the-slippery-issue-of-spanish-olive-oil/

https://murciatoday.com/jaen-university-sustainolive-project-aims-to-improve-sustainability-in-olive-farming-sector_1570808-a.html

https://www.oliveoiltimes.com/health-news/extra-virgin-olive-oil-helps-reduce-covid-19-symptoms/91205



Summary:

Inflammation is an important physiological response to maintain health and recover from injury. However, evidence shows that in the absence of acute inflammation triggers, chronic low-grade inflammation is in part responsible for causing many chronic diseases and is a promoter of aging. In particular, inflammation of the endothelium has been associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and an estimated 15% of all cancers (including bladder, esophageal, prostate and thyroid cancer). Recent evidence has emerged that points to the effect of lifestyle factors as modifiers of this low-grade inflammation. In a recent review, the Mediterranean diet was inversely associated with inflammation, particularly with C-reactive protein, TNF-α and IL-6 biomarkers. Moreover, participants with higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet were inversely associated with fibrinogen, which indicates better endothelium function and thus a lower risk of thrombo-embolic events.

Diet is a modifiable risk factor for type 2 diabetes in addition to being a leading risk factor for overall mortality and morbidity. Studying the association between legume consumption and type 2 diabetes is complicated due to the inconsistency in the definition of legumes. In a recent meta-analysis, no evidence was found regarding the possible association between legume intake and type 2 diabetes in several countries. An interesting approach to these findings is proposed, in which accompanying foods reflecting cultural customs, i.e. dietary patterns, could not be taken into consideration (data was not available). Hence, the researchers pointed out potential confounding due to cooking methods or other ingredients consumed alongside legumes. According to specific cultural trends, legume consumption among Mediterranean countries is typically characterized by incorporating vegetables, and in some cases with tubers and cereals such as rice. Given these characteristics, it could be speculated that if said confounders were taken into account, a more precise measurement of the effects of legume consumption would be obtained.

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