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Cancer
The Anti-cancer Effect of Olea europaea L. Products: a Review

Mediterranean diet
Trends in the adherence to the Mediterranean diet in Israeli adolescents: results from two national health and nutrition surveys, 2003 and 2016

Food Literacy Is Associated With Adherence to a Mediterranean-Style Diet in Kidney Transplant Recipients

Total Nut, Tree Nut, and Peanut Consumption and Metabolic Status in Southern Italian Adults

Polyphenols in the Mediterranean Diet: From Dietary Sources to microRNA Modulation
Nutritional Components in Western Diet Versus Mediterranean Diet at the Gut Microbiota-Immune System Interplay. Implications for Health and Disease

Screen Time and Parents' Education Level Are Associated with Poor Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Spanish Children and Adolescents: The PASOS Study

Gut Microbiota Bacterial Species Associated with Mediterranean Diet-Related Food Groups in a Northern Spanish Population

Is the Mediterranean Diet the Best Approach to NAFLD Treatment Today?

Kidney disease
Dietary interventions with dietitian involvement in adults with chronic kidney disease: A systematic review

Energy Expenditure Improved Risk Factors Associated with Renal Function Loss in NAFLD and MetS Patients



Diet & lifestyle

Diet and asthma: Better eating for better breathing?

Diet in Rheumatoid Arthritis versus Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: Any Differences?

Healthy dietary patterns are associated with lower concentrations of growth differentiation factor 15 in older adults

How Healthy Are Health-Related Behaviors in University Students: The HOLISTic Study

Cardiovascular disease

Global relationship between Mediterranean diet and the incidence and mortality of ischaemic heart disease

Identifying Clusters of Adherence to Cardiovascular Risk Reduction Behaviors and Persistence with Medication in New Lipid-Lowering Drug Users. Impact on Healthcare Utilization

Cardioprotective effect of red wine and grape pomace

Depression

The Christian Orthodox Church Fasting Diet Is Associated with Lower Levels of Depression and Anxiety and a Better Cognitive Performance in Middle Life

Dietary Patterns are Differentially Associated with Atypical and Melancholic Subtypes of Depression

Cognitive function
Mediterranean Diet and Risk of Dementia and Alzheimer's Disease in the EPIC-Spain Dementia Cohort Study

Liver disease

A Novel Nutraceuticals Mixture Improves Liver Steatosis by Preventing Oxidative Stress and Mitochondrial Dysfunction in a NAFLD Model

Olive oil

Evolution of Flavors in Extra Virgin Olive Oil Shelf-Life

Olive Tree in Circular Economy as a Source of Secondary Metabolites Active for Human and Animal Health Beyond Oxidative Stress and Inflammation

A New Definition of the Term "High-Phenolic Olive Oil" Based on Large Scale Statistical Data of Greek Olive Oils Analyzed by qNMR

A comprehensive dataset of the extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) proteome

Obesity

Precision Nutrition to Activate Thermogenesis as a Complementary Approach to Target Obesity and Associated-Metabolic-Disorders

Other news

Oleum Develops New Tools for EVOO Analysis, Authentication

24 y 25 marzo 2021. World Olive Oil Exhibition (WOWE). Madrid (IFEMA

Oli Oli, aceite de oliva Virgen Extra, obtiene dos Oros en el ‘Dubai Olive Oil Competition-Rarly Harvest Edition’

Summary:

The traditional lifestyles and healthy habits inherent to the Mediterranean basin have recently demonstrated surprising benefits for neurodegenerative diseases and other psychiatric disorders. Dementia is an age-related disorder which is not yet fully understood and currently has no effective treatment. In this context, diet modifications have been proposed as putative preventive strategies for various psychiatric diseases given their interplay in the biological mechanisms underlying these conditions. Promising reports have been drawn from a large prospective study including 16,160 participants from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)-Spain Dementia Cohort. In this cohort, participants with high adherence to the Mediterranean diet had a 20% lower overall risk of dementia compared to those with low adherence. The association with non-Alzheimer’s dementia was found to be distinctly stronger for women, whereas men showed a stronger association with Alzheimer’s disease. Various mechanisms have been proposed for both psychiatric disorders and cardiovascular disease, in which the Mediterranean diet is known to have extensive benefits, including anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, lipid-lowering actions, and even benefits to the gut microbiome.

More evidence points to the importance of metabolic health for healthy aging and prevention of neurodegenerative diseases. A key aspect to metabolic health includes adherence to antioxidant diets, such as the Mediterranean diet with an elevated consumption of olive oil containing polyphenols, Vitamin E and other bioactive compounds. Among older adults in the ENRICA-Study, growth differentiation factor 15 (GDF-15), a biomarker for aging and chronic disease, has been analyzed and inversely associated with the anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects of certain healthy diets. In conclusion, these results suggest that improving diet quality has an inverse effect on systemic inflammation with potential benefits for healthy aging in older adults.

Dietary habits are contemplated as one of the strongest modulators of gut microbiota. Furthermore, the importance of a healthy microbiome has been linked to overall health, particularly with a lower inflammatory profile. According to a recent review, the Mediterranean diet may improve inflammation and gut microbiota dysbiosis, due to its abundance in polyunsaturated fatty acids, dietary fiber, polyphenols and vitamins. Each of these foods and nutrients have been found to be essential for an adequate balance of Th17/Treg in the host and assuring high microbial diversity. In this regard, researchers in the Spanish Obekit cohort (normal weight, overweight, and obese participants) aimed to evaluate interactive associations between gut microbiota composition and habitual dietary intake in 360 adults. Results showed that the Mediterranean diet in general, but also fiber, legumes, vegetables, fruits, and nuts, are promoters of anti-inflammatory activity through certain bacterial strains characteristic of a healthy gut-microbiome.

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