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Obesity

Dietary patterns associated with obesity outcomes in adults: an umbrella review of systematic reviews.

Type 2 diabetes

Effect of Telemedicine Dietary Intervention for Endothelial Function in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus on Mediterranean Diet.

Cancer

Dietary quality using four dietary indices and lung cancer risk: the Golestan Cohort Study (GCS).

Associations of one-carbon metabolism-related gene polymorphisms with breast cancer risk are modulated by diet, being higher when adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern is low.

COVID-19

Micronutrients, Phytochemicals and Mediterranean Diet: A Potential Protective Role against COVID-19 through Modulation of PAF Actions and Metabolism.

Lifestyle

[Lifestyles and sociodemographic factors associated with high adherence to the Mediterranean diet in the adult population of the Valencian Community (Spain)].

[Eating habits and diet quality in university students ofteaching in relation to their adherence to the mediterranean diet.].

Elder

Race/ethnicity and gender modify the association between diet and cognition in U.S. older adults: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2011-2014.

Dietary patterns and intrinsic capacity among community-dwelling older adults: a 3-year prospective cohort study.

Basic research

Anti-tumor Effect of Oleic Acid in Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Lines via Autophagy Reduction.

Effect of fortified feed with olive leaves extract on the haematological and biochemical parameters of Oreochromis niloticus (Nile tilapia).

The rainbow protocol: A sequential method for quantifying pigments, sugars, free amino acids, phenolics, flavonoids and MDA from a small amount of sample.



Other news

https://www.oliveoiltimes.com/world/dark-glass-bottles-susceptible-oxidation/90849

https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-021-00449-6



Summary:

Unhealthy eating patterns related to excessive energy intake, especially from energy-dense poor foods, play an important role in the development of obesity.
An umbrella review on this topic identified 16 systematic reviews that gathered evidence on 143 unique studies published between 2001 and 2019. Six of the 16 systematic reviews included 11 cohort studies and 19 cross-sectional studies that reported the effects of the Mediterranean diet on overweight/obesity-related outcomes or weight gain. Overall, it was concluded that the Mediterranean diet is associated with a reduced risk of overweight/obesity outcomes. However, it is mentioned that population specific studies must be carried out in order to assess the specific effects of the Mediterranean diet in various populations.

The complexity of healthy aging is still a major problem for the elderly. In order to promote a comprehensive evaluation of the elderly and promote individualized interventions, the World Health Organization (WHO) proposed an original overall assessment for healthy aging, the intrinsic capacity (IC). IC is described as "the process of developing and maintaining the functional ability that enables wellbeing in older age". In a 3-year prospective cohort study, adherence to the "high fruit and vegetable diet" model was positively correlated with changes in comprehensive IC score, whereas adherence to the "high sugar and fats intake" model was negatively correlated with changes in IC scores. In addition, a positive correlation was observed between high-protein diet patterns and changes in the composite IC score.

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