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Obesity

Weight Loss and Improvement of Metabolic Alterations in Overweight and Obese Children Through the I 2 AO 2 Family Program: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

Cardiovascular disease

Comparison of cardiovascular disease and cancer prevalence between Mediterranean and north European middle-aged populations (The Cilento on Ageing Outcomes Study and The Malmö Offspring Study)

Mediterranean diet

Mediterranean diet and the hallmarks of ageing

Potential Effects of a Modified Mediterranean Diet on Body Composition in Lipoedema

Genetically Guided Mediterranean Diet for the Personalized Nutritional Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Mediterranean diet and antihypertensive drug use: a randomized controlled trial

Ancel Keys: The legacy of a giant in physiology, nutrition, and public health

Bromatology

Parenteral lipid emulsions in the preterm infant: current issues and controversies

Influence of genetic and interannual factors on the phenolic profiles of virgin olive oils

Influence of the fatty acids profile on the volatile components of virgin olive oil subjected to thermal stress

Policistic ovarian syndrome

The effects of canola and olive oils consumption compared to sunflower oil, on lipid profile and hepatic steatosis in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome: a randomized controlled trial

Are Dietary Indices Associated with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Its Phenotypes? A Preliminary Study

Cancer

Potential Uses of Olive Oil Secoiridoids for the Prevention and Treatment of Cancer: A Narrative Review of Preclinical Studies

Assessment of the Nutraceutical Effects of Oleuropein and the Cytotoxic Effects of Adriamycin, When Administered Alone and in Combination, in MG-63 Human Osteosarcoma Cells

Dietary patterns

Associations between Maternal Dietary Patterns and Perinatal Outcomes: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Cohort Studies

Associations of Dietary Intake on Biological Markers of Inflammation in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review

Olive oil

Phosphoproteomic Analysis and Protein-Protein Interaction of Rat Aorta GJA1 and Rat Heart FKBP1A after Secoiridoid Consumption from Virgin Olive Oil: A Functional Proteomic Approach

Extra Virgin Olive Oil Phenols Vasodilate Rat MesentericResistance Artery via Phospholipase C (PLC)-CalciumMicrodomains-Potassium Channels (BK Ca) Signals

Covid 19

Patterns of Change in Dietary Habits and Physical Activity during Lockdown in Spain Due to the COVID-19 Pandemic

Other news

https:/www.escuelaeuropeadecata.com/producto/nivel-1-presencial-cata-de-aceites-de-oliva-sabado-20-febrero-de-11-a-14-h/

https://www.euroweeklynews.com/2021/02/02/spanish-food-award-for-best-extra-virgin-olive-oils-jaen/

http://www.qcom.es/alimentacion/olive-oils-from-spain/olive-oil-is-the-key-to-the-mediterranean-diet_25836_2727_27946_0_1_in.html



Summary:

For the 30th anniversary of the Seven Countries Study (SCS), a historic review highlights the work of one of the first spokespersons and key researchers of this study on the Mediterranean Diet, Ancel Keys.
Ancel Keys’ interest in the Mediterranean lifestyle began in the early 1950s during his numerous travels to Europe. He rapidly became a strong promoter of the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) for its potential to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease. He attempted to demonstrate this health benefit with the SCS in the 60s. A focal point of his research centered on the effects of dietary cholesterol on cardiovascular risk. Keys noted that regions that consumed olive oil as their primary source of fat had lower mortality rates, however oleic acid (a monounsaturated fatty acid primarily found in olive oil; MUFA) had no correlation with serum cholesterol. His initial observations led to the development of the ratio of MUFA:saturated fat, which is considered the first attempt at characterizing the MedDiet.
Since Keys’ early scientific and public health achievements, many large epidemiological studies have been carried out to specifically evaluate the health benefits of the MedDiet. One such study, the Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea (PREDIMED) trial, is probably one of the most influential randomized trials in this field. The PREDIMED trial aims to evaluate the effects of a MedDiet intervention for the primary prevention of cardiovascular events. The latest results from this trial show that following a MedDiet supplemented with nuts or olive oil increased hypertensive control. Patients under current antihypertensive treatment had an attenuated cardiovascular risk and were less likely to escalate their antihypertensive treatment (particularly for those supplemented with olive oil and using two medications). In contrast, study intervention participants without hypertension were less likely to initiate antihypertensive treatment.
On another note, modifiable factors such as diet affect pregnancy and neonatal outcomes. In a new systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies, the MedDiet was associated with lower odds of suffering low birth weight, based on gestational age. Moreover, adequate adherence to healthful dietary patterns such as the MedDiet, high in vegetables, fruits, wholegrains, nuts, legumes, fish, and olive oil, was inversely associated with pro-inflammatory biomarkers (i.e., CRP, IL-6 and TNF-α) in children and adolescents in a recent systematic review.

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