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Mediterranean diet

Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Maltese Adults

Influence of Mediterranean Diet on Human Gut Microbiota

A mixed methods pilot randomised controlled trial to develop and evaluate the feasibility of a Mediterranean diet and lifestyle education intervention 'THINK-MED' among people with cognitive impairment

Association between periodontitis and the Mediterranean diet in young Moroccan individuals
Prospective association between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and hepatic steatosis: the Swiss CoLaus cohort study

Cardiometabolic diseases

A Remote Nutritional Intervention to Change the Dietary Habits of Patients Undergoing Ablation of Atrial Fibrillation: Randomized Controlled Trial

Metabolic Syndrome Features and Excess Weight Were Inversely Associated with Nut Consumption after 1-Year Follow-Up in the PREDIMED-Plus Study

Healthful dietary patterns and risk of end-stage kidney disease: the Singapore Chinese Health Study

Bioactive compounds

The challenge of exploiting polyphenols from olive leaves: addition to foods to improve their shelf-life and nutritional value

Mediterranean Diet Polyphenols: Anthocyanins and their Implications for Health

Hypotensive effects of the triterpene oleanolic acid for cardiovascular prevention

Effects of oleuropein on tumor cell growth and bone remodelling: Potential clinical implications for the prevention and treatment of malignant bone diseases

Antioxidant Efficacy of Olive By-Product Extracts in Human Colon HCT8 Cells

Diet quality

Plasma Metabolomic Profiles of Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, and Carbohydrate Quality Index in the PREDIMED Study

The Effects of Foods on Blood Lipids in Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD)-A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Association of Diet Quality With Survival Among People With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer in the Cancer and Leukemia B and Southwest Oncology Group 80405 Trial

Other news

Historic Blizzard Threatens Olive Groves in Spain

Spain Seeks New Technology for Olive Oil Quality Testing

More Countries Voice Concern Over Adoption of Nutri-Score

California Table Olive Harvest Exceeds Expectations Despite Pandemic, Wildfires

Compound Found in Olives Protects Against Symptoms of Neuroinflammatory Disorders, Study Shows

Summary:

The PREvention of recurrent arrhythmias with the Mediterranean diet (PREDIMAR) study is a 2-year multicenter, randomized, controlled, single-blinded trial that aims to assess the effect of a Mediterranean diet enriched with extra virgin olive oil on the secondary prevention of atrial fibrillation. A new study analyzed the effectiveness of the remote intervention used in PREDIMAR for adherence to the Mediterranean diet, which included phone contacts (1 per 3 months) and dietary counseling through a web page, a mobile app, and printed resources. After 24 months of follow-up, increased adherence to the Mediterranean diet was observed in both groups, but improvement was significantly higher in the intervention group than in the control group. Despite the difficulties of a remote follow up and intervention, the use of online resources and phone calls can increase the overall adherence to a Mediterranean diet among patients with atrial fibrillation after catheter ablation.

The PREDIMED trial evaluates the effectiveness of a nutritional intervention conducted by dietitians for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. A cross-sectional analysis of the PREDIMED trial evaluated which plasma metabolites and metabolomic profiles are involved in different biological pathways through elastic net regressions. The primary goal was to provide mechanistic insights regarding the role of carbohydrate quality indices on health. Glycemic index, glycemic load and carbohydrate quality index (CQI) were all associated with specific metabolomic profiles in a Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular disease risk. As expected, the CQI observed inverse relationships between the metabolic profiles directly associated with glycemic index and glycemic load. These findings give further validity to dietary carbohydrate indices and help understand their role in the development of cardiometabolic disorders.

In addition to the well-established health benefits of following the Mediterranean diet, a potential role in the prevention of hepatic steatosis has been suggested by a population-based prospective cohort study. An inverse association was observed between adherence to the Mediterranean diet and incidence of hepatic steatosis based on the Fatty Liver Index. However, inconsistencies were found in this association when hepatic steatosis was assessed by the non-alcoholic fatty liver disease score. These results highlight the need for an accurate population-level assessment of fatty liver disease and its physiological markers.

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