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Children

Sugar consumption in schoolchildren from southern Spain and influence on the prevalence of obesity.

Food Habits and Screen Time Play a Major Role in the Low Health Related to Quality of Life of Ethnic Ascendant Schoolchildren.

Diabetes

Association of the Mediterranean Diet With Onset of Diabetes in the Women's Health Study.
Low Reported Adherence to the 2019 American Diabetes Association Nutrition

Recommendations among Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Indicating the Need for Improved Nutrition Education and Diet Care.

Mental health

A randomised control trial assessing the effect of a Mediterranean diet on the symptoms of depression in young men (the "AMMEND" study): A study protocol.

Aging and mortality

The Association Between the Mediterranean Lifestyle Index and All-Cause Mortality in the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra Cohort.

Association Between Dietary Patterns in Midlife and Healthy Ageing in Chinese Adults: The Singapore Chinese Health Study.

Other diseases
Energy-restricted Central-European diet stimulates liver microsomal function in obese postmenopausal women - a randomized nutritional trial with a comparison to energy-restricted Mediterranean diet.

Dietary Interventions Are Beneficial for Patients with Chronic Pain: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis.

Genetics and epigenetics
Dietary Intervention Modulates the Expression of Splicing Machinery in Cardiovascular Patients at High Risk of Type 2 Diabetes Development: From the CORDIOPREV Study.

DNA methylation signature in blood mirrors successful weight-loss during lifestyle interventions: the CENTRAL trial.

Lifestyle
Mediterranean Lifestyle to Promote Physical, Mental, and Environmental Health: The Case of Chile.

Olive oil
The prebiotics (Fructo-oligosaccharides and Xylo-oligosaccharides) modulate the probiotic properties of Lactiplantibacillus and Levilactobacillus strains isolated from traditional fermented olive.

Impact of the malaxation temperature on the phenolic profile of cv. Cobrançosa olive oils and assessment of the related health claim.

Others
New Production Technology Improves Olive Oil Quality.

Global Extra Virgin Olive Oil for Food Market Report 2020-2026-Development Trends, Threats, Opportunities and Competitive Landscape in 2020.

Lighten Up Thanksgiving With Extra Virgin Olive Oil.

Summary:

The Mediterranean diet (MD) is characterized by olive oil as the predominant oil, in addition to being a dietary pattern rich in fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts and whole grains, moderate intake of fish and fermented dairy products, and a limited consumption in red meat and ultra-processed products. Previous studies suggest that olive oil along with other components in this dietary pattern are responsible for the beneficial effects on each parameter of the metabolic syndrome. What is more, results from PREDIMED study provide substantial evidence that the health benefits of this dietary pattern are a result of its components. Adherence to the MD in this clinical trial resulted in a reduction of type 2 diabetes incidence rate by 51-52% when supplemented with either nuts or olive oil.

Although the MD has been associated with a reduction in type 2 diabetes incidence, the biological mechanisms for these benefits have not been clearly defined. The findings of the Women's Health Study (WHS, a randomized trial of low-dose aspirin and vitamin E supplementation for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease and cancer in initially healthy women) suggest that the MD was associated with a diabetes risk reduction of 30% over a 20 year follow-up. It was concluded that the main mechanisms behind this risk reduction were a lower insulin resistance, lower BMI, and higher HDL levels among others.

Beyond the Mediterranean diet, the Mediterranean lifestyle encompasses several distinctive habits, as described by the Spanish Foundation for the Mediterranean diet and represented in a Pyramid of the Mediterranean Diet. In a Mediterranean cohort, adherence to a Mediterranean lifestyle was significantly associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular and all-cause mortality. These results suggest that the traditional Mediterranean way of life reduces the risk of mortality and may serve as a guide to foster health and longevity throughout the world. Public health strategies, in addition to encompassing a healthy diet, should aim to promote a healthy Mediterranean lifestyle for the promotion of general health.
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