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Mediterranean Diet
Let Food Be Thy Medicine: The Case of The Mediterranean Diet in Rheumatoid Arthritis

The Effect of the Mediterranean Diet on Metabolic Health: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Controlled Trials in Adults

Wine Intake in the Framework of a Mediterranean Diet and Chronic Non-Communicable Diseases: A Short Literature Review of the Last 5 Years

Nuts and Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: Are Nuts Safe for Patients with Fatty Liver Disease?

Evaluating Animal-Based Foods and Plant-Based Alternatives Using Multi-Criteria and SWOT Analyses

Food Consumption Patterns and Nutrient Intakes of Children and Adolescents in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: A Call for Policy Action

Cohort studies
The effect of the Mediterranean Diet on lifespan. A treatment-effect survival analysis of a population-based prospective cohort study in Southern Italy

Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and physical resilience in older adults: The Seniors-ENRICA Cohort

Mediterranean diet and probiotics supplementation to treat non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Validity and Reproducibility of a Culture-Specific Food Frequency Questionnaire in Lebanon

Bisphenol A exposure and risk of ischemic heart disease in the Spanish European
Prospective Investigation into cancer and nutrition study

Cross-sectional studies
Relationship between olive oil consumption and ankle-brachial pressure index in a population at high cardiovascular risk

Adherence to Healthy and Sustainable Diets Is Not Differentiated by Cost, But Rather Source of Foods among Young Adults in Albania

Basic research
Applying olive leaf as an herbal immunostimulator to control bacterial infections in cultured fish

Cellular Antioxidant Activity of Olive Pomace Extracts: Impact of Gastrointestinal Digestion and Cyclodextrin Encapsulation´

In-Vivo Antidiabetic Activity and In-Silico Mode of Action of LC/MS-MS Identified Flavonoids in Oleaster Leaves

Commentary
The Mediterranean diet and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in individuals at high cardiovascular risk

Other news
Italy’s New Lockdown Hits Olive Oil Sector, Again

Spanish olive oil cooperatives have been given the green light to voluntarily self-regulate by the European Commission.

Olive Oil Consumption in Spain Increased During State of Emergency
Official Index of the World’s Best Olive Oils: Winners 2020

Summary:

The Mediterranean Diet (MedDiet), characterized by olive oil as one of its main components, is undeniably associated with numerous health benefits. However, the effects of the MedDiet on longevity are less well-known. A prospective cohort study in Southern Italy observed that a higher Mediterranean diet adherence has an important effect on lifespan. Strong negative effects were observed for individuals with medium to low adherence to this healthy dietary pattern, showing lower lifespans of 5.62% and 9.90%, respectively. Further research in other populations and geographic regions are needed to confirm these findings outside the Mediterranean basin area.

Moreover, a cross-sectional analysis of the PREDIMED-Plus trial (including participants from a Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk) found that a higher consumption of virgin olive oils was associated with a lower ankle-brachial pressure index. Biological mechanisms support these findings as olive oil consumption is inversely related to peripheral artery disease. Moreover, the Mediterranean diet has been well-associated with metabolic health. In a newly published systemic review the effect of the MedDiet on metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) incidence and/or mortality from MetSyn-related comorbidities was examined. A consistent beneficial effect was observed for the MedDiet on most of the MetSyn risk factors. Despite inconsistencies in the study characteristics, cardiovascular disease and stroke incidence were inversely related to MedDiet adherence. This review concludes that evidence strongly supports the promotion of the MedDiet for adult populations.

The multi-protective role of extra virgin olive oil has been well established within the Mediterranean diet. Evidence suggests Olea europea leaves from the olive tree have antidiabetic and antihyperglycemic properties. Known to be a reserve for bioactive molecules, an experimental study further analyzed Olea europea leaves to confirm these health properties. The authors concluded that flavonoids from oleaster leaves offer a promising and safe intervention for glycemic and diabetic control.

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