On the other hand, for the first time, a prospective cohort study demonstrated the potential benefits of the Mediterranean dietary pattern and other healthy dietary patterns on multiple myeloma (MM) mortality. In the Nurses’ Health Study and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study, patients with healthy dietary habits prior to MM diagnosis (determined by the alternate healthy eating index, alternate Mediterranean diet score, and dietary approaches to stop hypertension) showed a lower myeloma-specific mortality than those with unhealthy dietary patterns. In addition, healthier pre-diagnosis dietary habits and lower adherence to the Western pattern were not only associated with lower MM-specific, but also for overall mortality. Interestingly, the overall lower mortality in patients with MM was observed regardless of the time since the diagnosis was made. The authors suggest that these benefits could possibly complement more advanced therapies which have emerged in the past two decades to treat MM.