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Pregnancy
Physical activity before and during pregnancy: A cohort study.
Maternal healthful dietary patterns during peripregnancy and long-term overweight risk in their offspring.

Children and youth people
Changes in lifestyle behaviours during the COVID-19 confinement in Spanish children: A longitudinal analysis from the MUGI project.
Study protocol of a population-based cohort investigating Physical Activity, Sedentarism, lifestyles and Obesity in Spanish youth: the PASOS study.

Elderly
Dietary Patterns, Carbohydrates, and Age-Related Eye Diseases.
[Adherence to the healthy eating guide issued by the Sociedad Española de Nutrición Comunitaria (SENC) (2018) among non-institutionalized elderly in Santander, Spain].
Cardiovascular and metabolic syndrome
Effects of an Olive By-Product Called Pâté on Cardiovascular Risk Factors.
Urinary Resveratrol Metabolites Output: Differential Associations with Cardiometabolic Markers and Liver Enzymes in House-Dwelling Subjects Featuring Metabolic Syndrome.

Mediterranean pattern
Allergy Modulation by N-3 Long Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Fat Soluble Nutrients of the Mediterranean Diet.
Mediterranean diet, tobacco consumption and body composition during perimenopause. The FLAMENCO project.

Basic research
Antique Traditional Practice: Phenolic Profile of Virgin Olive Oil Obtained from Fruits Stored in Seawater.
An Industrial and Sustainable Platform for the Production of Bioactive Micronized Powders and Extracts Enriched in Polyphenols From Olea europaea L. and Vitis vinifera L. Wastes.
Drought stress improved the capacity of Rhizophagus irregularis for inducing the accumulation of oleuropein and mannitol in olive (Olea europaea) roots.
Antidiabetic effect of olive leaf extract on streptozotocin-induced diabetes mellitus in experimental animals.

Other news
https://www.netdoctor.co.uk/healthy-eating/a34229806/mediterranean-diet/
https://www.oliveoiltimes.com/business/olive-oil-sales-in-spain-led-by-extra-virgin/86024
https://newseu.cgtn.com/news/2020-07-28/COVID-19-link-to-obesity-Which-nations-are-Europe-s-most-overweight--StBtPdvmnu/index.html

Summary:

Olive oil is widely known for its cardio-protective properties associated with its phenolic compounds. However, during olive milling, around 99% of polyphenols are lost in process by-products. A recent study proposes the use of the olive oil by-product, called “pâté”, as a nutraceutical to improve cardiovascular risk markers. To support this claim, a cross-over clinical trial was conducted among 19 patients who were given a phenolic nutraceutical and a placebo. The results revealed a significant reduction in total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol, in addition to positive antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects. This study opens a new line of research focused on the reuse of olive by-products as nutraceuticals, beneficial for both human health and the planet.

To this day, numerous studies show a positive association between the Mediterranean diet (MD) and a healthy body composition. On this topic, a cross-sectional study was conducted in perimenopausal women to assess the association between adherence to the MD and tobacco consumption with body composition. It was observed that participants with higher MD adherence smoked less and had a healthier body composition during perimenopause. Likewise, the MD supplemented with virgin olive oil was associated with a significant reduction in weight and BMI.

In light of current events, studies are evaluating the impact on health of diet and lifestyle changes during the coronavirus lockdown. A longitudinal study of Spanish children evaluated the negative effects of COVID-19 confinement on children's lifestyle. The authors observed an increase in sedentary behavior and time spent on screens. In relation to diet, despite an increase in MD scores, adherence did not reach medium or high categories. The study attributed the improvement in adherence to more time and interest towards cooking at home.
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