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Autoimmune Disease
Association of Dietary Quality with Risk of Incident Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in the Nurses' Health Studies

Body Weight Loss
Body weight of individuals with obesity decreases after a 6-month high pasta or low pasta Mediterranean diet weight-loss intervention

Cardiovascular Disease
A Pesco-Mediterranean Diet With Intermittent Fasting: JACC Review Topic of the Week

Diet quality and long-term absolute risks for incident cardiovascular disease and mortality

Fried-Food Consumption Does Not Increase the Risk of Stroke in the Spanish Cohort of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study

Characterization of Extra Virgin Olive Oil
Evaluating Quality Parameters, the Metabolic Profile, and Other Typical Features of Selected Commercial Extra Virgin Olive Oils from Brazil

FoodOmics as a new frontier to reveal microbial community and metabolic processes occurring on table olives fermentation

Healthy dietary patterns to reduce obesity-related metabolic disease: polyphenol: microbiome interactions unifying health effects across geography

Combined associations of body mass index and adherence to a Mediterranean-like diet with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality: A cohort study

Dietary Patterns, Ceramide Ratios, and Risk of All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality: The Framingham Offspring Study.

Nutrition and Dietary Patterns
The association between dietary patterns and nutritional status in community-dwelling older adults-the PEN-3S study

Association among Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet, Cardiorespiratory Fitness, Cardiovascular, Obesity, and Anthropometric Variables of Overweight and Obese Middle-Aged and Older Adults

Rheumatoid arthritis
Adherence to Mediterranean diet and patient perception of rheumatoid arthritis

Sleeping disorders
A Mediterranean Dietary Pattern Predicts Better Sleep Quality in US Women from the American Heart Association Go Red for Women Strategically Focused Research Network

The effectiveness of a weight-loss Mediterranean diet/lifestyle intervention in the management of obstructive sleep apnea: Results of the "MIMOSA" randomized clinical trial

Other News
A faster and more reliable method to categorize olive oil is validated

Extra Virgin Olive Oil Market 2020: Key Growth Factors and Opportunity Analysis by 2027

Mediterranean diet wins with Australians encouraged to have extra virgin olive oil


The Mediterranean diet has consistently demonstrated a wide array of favorable health outcomes, such as reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, type II diabetes mellitus, mental disorders, metabolic syndrome, breast cancer, neoplastic disease, and overall mortality. However, evidence of the effects of the Mediterranean diet and sleep disorders is limited. This week, the OHIS Newsletter highlights two novel studies related to the beneficial effects of the Mediterranean diet on sleep apnea and sleep quality.

Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a sleep-related breathing disorder with a high prevalence around the world. The MIMOSA randomized clinical trial has demonstrated that the combination of a weight-loss Mediterranean dietary/lifestyle intervention and OSA standard care was more efficient in improving OSA severity and symptomatology than OSA standard care alone. In this study, the patients randomized to the Mediterranean arm exhibited reduced respiratory events and lower daytime sleepiness and insomnia. Moreover, additional improvements in sleep architecture and daytime sleepiness were observed when participants combined the Mediterranean diet with physical activity.

Additional evidence of the positive effects of the Mediterranean diet on sleep quality has been provided by the American Heart Association Go Red for Women Strategically Focused Research Network investigation. In this prospective cohort study, greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet predicted better overall sleep quality (higher sleep efficiency, fewer sleep disturbances, and better sleep onset latency) among a sample of US women. In particular, higher intakes of fruits and vegetables, legumes, unsaturated fat, and plant-based proteins were positively related to sleep quality.
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